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Substructure 4
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Substructure 4

Form.—The floor plan was irregularly rectangular.

Walls and Wall Sequence.—The foundation consisted of flat
stone slabs placed on edge. Above this the walls were of solid adobe
with unshaped stones occasionally included. A heavy layer of plaster
was applied over the entire wall, including the slab base. On the east,
south, and west walls remaining plaster covered the majority of the
surface. On the north wall little remained.

Overlying the east wall, and extending 3′ north from the southeast
corner, was a wall of masonry type assigned by Dr. Hawley to
Pueblo II (see description of room 21 for further details). The other
walls were topped by a windblown sandy deposition of natural source.
Two feet four inches from the southeast corner of the east wall the
plaster rounded a corner to form the side of a doorway of undeterminable
height and width.

Roofing.—No evidence of roofing was found with the exception
of one piece of hardened adobe, flattened on one side and rounded
on the other. It bore the imprint of sticks of 1″ diameter which were
laid in parallel lines.

Floors and Floor Sequence.—The floor level sloped from south to
north, the latter end being about 1′ lower than the former. The floor
surfacing was irregular, with sherds and rocks protruding through
the surface. The room contained no special features such as firepits,
post holes, or bins. Only one floor was apparent.

    Room Fill.

  • 1. Upper layer of natural deposition.—This was probably due to
    wind and rain action.

  • 2. Hard unamalgamated fill.—This began at an average depth of
    2′ 9″ from the top of the east wall and extended to 3′ 5″ from the
    top of the south wall and sloped correspondingly toward the north
    end of the room. Instead of hard, continuous fill this layer included
    many vacant spaces or cavities seeming to indicate former
    positions of caved-in roof material, although no tangible evidence
    such as rafters or bark was found.[3] This layer included no
    sherds but contained occasional thin flat slabs of stone and the
    piece of imprinted adobe mentioned above.

  • 168]

    Page 168]
  • 3. Loose sand fill.—For 6″ above the floor level, this contained many
    sherds and the majority of artifacts taken from the room.

  • 4. Floor level.


Animal Bones.—Comparatively few.

Artifacts.—Six smoothing stones, two manos, one bone awl.

Pottery Percentages

Floor Level  Room Fill 
Red Mesa B on W  38.05  15.01 
Lino Gray  30.32  32.22 
Exuberant Cor.  15.43  3.00 
Kana-a Gray  5.88  7.89 
Escavada B on W  4.25  35.07 
Gallup B on W  2.66  4.58 
Wingate B on R  2.66  .15 
Chaco B on W  1.06  .15 
Deadman's B on R  .94 
Chaco Cor.  .32 
Kana-a B on W  .32 
Sunset Red  .15 
Total number of sherds in sample  188  633 

Substructure 4 was tunneled through by many rodent burrows which crossed
both horizontal and vertical levels, and which may account for the presence of later
pottery types within the fill.