University of Virginia Library

Search this document 

collapse sectionI. 
collapse sectionII. 
collapse sectionD. 
collapse sectionIII. 
collapse sectionA. 
Red Mesa Black on White (See Plates 7 and 11)
collapse sectionC. 
collapse sectionD. 
collapse sectionF. 
collapse sectionG. 
collapse sectionII. 

collapse sectionB. 
collapse section 

Red Mesa Black on White[13] (See Plates 7 and 11)

Synonyms: Chaco Transitional Black on White (in part), Chaco I.

Area: Gallup district, Chaco district, Red Mesa district.

Derivation: La Plata Black on White.

Paste: Gray to White.

Temper: Sand

Construction: Coiled.

Wall: c. 3 mm.

Hardness: 4 to 4.5.

Finish: Interior of bowls and exterior of jars slipped with white, polished,
decorated in black iron paint. Exterior unslipped, unpolished.

Designs: Fine lines in parallel groups in stepped figures, lines often
crossing at corners, solid triangles, small pendant dots on triangles
or on lines.

Forms: Bowls, jars, pitchers, ladles.

Comparison: Similar to Kiatuthlanna Black on White but differs somewhat
in design. Transition from polished Red Mesa Black on


Page [53
White into unpolished Escavada Black on White is apparent in
many sherds which show characteristics of each type.

Table 4

Lino Gray  32  4.5  4.0  3.5 
La Plata B on W  10  4.5 
Red Mesa B on W  33  4.5  10  4.0 
Kana-a Neck-banded  11  4.5  15  4.0  3.5 
Escavada B on W  37  4.5  4.0  3.5 
McElmo B on W  10  4.5  12  4.0  3.5 
Wingate B on R  14  4.5  12  4.0  3.5  3.0 
Gallup B on W  41  4.5  4.0  3.5 
Exuberant Corr.  33  4.5  13  4.0  3.5 
Chaco Corrugated  18  4.5  4.0  3.5 
Chaco B on W  22  4.5  4.0 
Deadman's B on R  4.5  4.0  3.5 

Gladwin, 1934, Fig. 8; Mera, 1935, p. 3 and Pl. 1. Red Mesa Black on White,
named by Gladwin but not previously fully described appears to be indigenous to both
the Red Mesa and Chaco districts. As used by Gladwin the type covers what has been
divided into the two types, Red Mesa Black on White and Escavada Black on White,
in the Chaco. This division has been made on the basis of typology and of stratigraphy.


In this table "N" stands for number of sherds tested, "H," for their hardness.