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Law Department.
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Law Department.

This Department is organized with a view to acquaint the
student familiarly and practically with the principles of his
profession. The instruction is as thorough as possible, and
is given partly through text-books and partly through lectures,
with daily examinations upon both.


Page 50

A Moot-Court, in connection with other instruction, tends
to perfect the student in the details of practice. Under the
immediate supervision of the Professors, he is required to
pronounce opinions upon supposed cases; to devise and
institute remedies, by suit or otherwise; to conduct suits at
Law and in Equity from their inception through all their
stages; to draw wills, conveyances and other assurances;
and in short to perform most of the functions of a practising

The Department comprises two Schools, each of which is
divided into two classes, and the course of study is as



Junior Class.—Blackstone's Commentaries, Synopsis of
Criminal Law, Chitty on Contracts.

Senior Class.—Stephen on Pleading, Kent's Commentaries,
Law of Executors, &c.

☞ For Reference.—Virginia Code (1860); Brightley's
Digest of United States Statutes.



Junior Class.—Vattel's International Law, Lectures on
Government, Federalist.

Senior Class.—Smith's Mercantile Law, Greenleaf's Evidence,
Barton's Suit in Equity, Adams' Equity.

In the Department of Law, the degree of Bachelor of
is conferred upon those who, upon examination conducted
in writing, manifest an intimate acquaintance with
the subjects taught in all the classes; and to those who,
upon like examination, exhibit a competent knowledge of
International and Constitutional Law, and of the Science of
Government, a certificate of Proficiency is awarded.

The expenses of the Law student, as will be seen from
page 55 of Catalogue, amount to about $356 for a session of
nine months, commencing 1st October, 1871.

☞ See notice of Summer School.


Page 51


Any person of unexceptionable character and habits, upon
producing to the Faculty satisfactory evidence of suitable
capacity and attainments, will be licensed by the Faculty to
form classes for private instruction in any School of the
University in aid of and in conformity to the public teachings
of the Professor upon any subject taught therein. The
employment, selection and compensation of any such Licentiate
is left to the option of the students.


8h. to 9h.  9h. to 10h.  10h to 11h.  11h. to 12½h.  12½h. to 2h.  3h. to 4½h. 
MONDAY.  Sen. Latin.
Sen. Ap. Mat.
8 to 9½. 
Sen. Greek.
Int. Latin.
History & Lit.
Sen. Nat. Phil.
Phys. & Surg. 
Senior Math.
Junior Law.
Sen. German.
Senior Law.
Jun. Greek. 
Polit. Econ.
Jun. Math.
Ap. Chem.
TUES'Y.  Jun. French.
Sen. Greek.
Int. Ap. Mat. 
Jun. German.
Int. Ap. Mat. 
History & Lit.
Jun. Ap. Mat. 
Jun. Nat. Phil.
Senior Law.
Int. Greek.
Jun. Latin.
Junior Law.
Moral Phil.
Ap. Chem. 
WED'DAY.  Sen. Latin.
Sen. Ap. Mat.
8 to 9½. 
Sen. Greek.
Int. Latin.
Jun. Ap. Mat. 
History & Lit.
Sen. Nat Phil.
Phys. and Surg. 
Senior Math.
Junior Law. 
Sen. German.
Sen. Law.
Jun. Greek. 
Jun. Math.
Polit. Econ. 
THURS.  Jun. French.
Int. Ap. Mat. 
Sen. French.
Int. Ap. Mat. 
History & Lit.
Jun. Nat. Phil.
Senior Law. 
Int. Math.
Junior Law. 
Moral Phil.
Ap. Chem. 
FRIDAY.  Sen. Latin.
Sen. Ap. Mat. 
Sen. Greek.
Int. Latin.
Jun. Ap. Mat. 
History & Lit.
Sen. Nat. Phil.
Phys. and Surg. 
Senior Math.
Junior Law. 
Int. Greek.
Jun. Latin.
Anglo Saxon.
Senior Law.
Jun, Math.
Ap. Chem.
SAT.  Jun. German.  Sen. French.  Jun. Latin.
Jun. Ap. Mat. 
Jun. Nat. Phil.
Senior Law. 
Int. Math.
Junior Law. 
Moral Phil.
Ap. Chem. 


The examinations are of three kinds: 1, the Daily examinations;
2, the Intermediate and Final general examinations;
and 3, the examinations for Graduation.


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1.—Daily Examinations.

Each Professor, before commencing the lecture of the day,
examines his class orally on the subject of the preceding
lecture as developed in the text-book and expounded in the

2.—General Examinations.

Two general examinations of each class are held during
the session, in the presence of a committee of the Faculty,
which every student is required to stand. The first, called
the Intermediate examination, is held about the middle of
the session, and embraces in its scope the subjects of instruction
in the first half of the course. The second, called the
Final examination, is held in the closing week of the session,
and embraces the subjects treated of in the second half of
the course. These examinations are conducted in writing.
The questions propounded have, each, numerical values
attached to them. If the answers of the student are valued,
in the aggregate, at not less than three-fourths of the
aggregate values assigned to the questions, he is ranked in
the first division; if less than three-fourths and more than
one-half, in the second division; if less than one-half and
more than one-fourth, in the third division; and if less than
one-fourth, in the fourth division.

Certificates of distinction are awarded to those who attain
the first division at one or both of these examinations, and
their names are published or announced in the closing
exercises of the session.

The general examinations are sufficiently comprehensive
and difficult to render it impossible for the student, without
steady diligence, to secure a place in the first division. The
results, whatever they may be, are communicated to parents
and guardians respectively, in the final circular of the

The standing of the student at the daily and general
examinations is taken into account in ascertaining his qualifications
for graduation in any of the schools.

3.—Examinations for Graduation.

The examinations for graduation are held in the last
month of the session. They are conducted, in each school,
by the Professor thereof, in the presence of two other Professors,
forming, with him, the committee of examination
for the school.


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The candidates for graduation are subjected to searching
interrogations on the details and niceties, as well as the
leading principles of the subject, and they are expected to
be accurately versed in all the topics treated of in the lectures
and correlative text.

These examinations are carried on chiefly in writing; but
in some of the schools they are partly oral.

☞ As a due acquaintance with the English language
is indispensable to the attainment of even the inferior
honors of the institution, all candidates for graduation are
subjected to a preliminary examination to test their qualifications
in this respect.


The degrees conferred by the University are Academic
and Professional.

The Academic Degrees are:

1. That of Proficient—conferred for satisfactory attainments
in certain subjects of study, to wit: in Anglo-Saxon,
the Junior and Intermediate course of Mathematics, Mineralogy
and Geology, Physics, Physiology, Medical Jurisprudence,
Human Anatomy, Botany, Political Economy,
History, Literature, International Law and Government,
and the lecture course of Applied Chemistry.

2. That of Graduate in a School—conferred for satisfactory
attainments in the leading subjects of instruction in the
same, to wit: in the Latin Language and Literature, in
the Greek Language and Literature, in the French Language
and Literature, in the German Language and Literature,
Mixed Mathematics, Pure Mathemathics, Natural
Philosophy, Chemistry, Moral Philosophy, History and
Literature, Applied Mathematics, and Analytical, Industrial
and Agricultural Chemistry.

3. That of Bachelor of Letters—conferred upon such
students as have graduated in the Schools of Ancient and
Modern Languages, Moral Philosophy and History and

4. That of Bachelor of Science—conferred on such students
as have graduated in the Schools of Mathematics, Natural
Philosophy and Chemistry, and who are also Proficients in
the Classes of Anatomy, Physiology, Comparative Anatomy,
Botany, Mineralogy and Geology, and who have obtained


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distinctions in the Junior Class of Applied Mathematics,
and made satisfactory attainments in the first Laboratory
class of Analytical Chemistry.

5. That of Bachelor of Arts—conferred on such students
as have graduated in Latin, Greek, Chemistry, Moral Philosophy
and French or German, and have obtained certificates
of proficiency in Junior and Intermediate Mathematics,
Physics and History or Literature.

6. That of Master of Arts of the University of Virginia—
conferred upon students who have graduated in the Latin,
Greek, French and German Languages, Pure Mathematics,
Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, Moral Philosophy, and
History and Literature, and who have passed satisfactory
general examinations, in review, on all the subjects embraced
in the courses of these schools.

The candidate for the degree of Bachelor or Master of
Arts is also required to submit to the approval of the Faculty
an Essay, composed by himself, on some subject of
literature or science, which essay must be read by the author
on the Public Day, if so ordered.

The Professional Degrees are:

1. That of Bachelor of Law—conferred for satisfactory
attainments in all the subjects of instruction in the Schools
of Law.

2. That of Doctor of Medicine—conferred for satisfactory
attainments in all the subjects of instruction, except Botany,
in the several schools constituting the Medical Department.

Candidates for the degree of Doctor of Medicine, who
have been previously declared Graduates in Chemistry, or
Proficients in Anatomy, Physiology or Medical Jurisprudence,
are not required to stand the examinations on these
subjects anew; and the same rule applies to candidates for
the degree of Bachelor of Law, who are Proficients in International
Law and Government.

3. That of Civil Engineer—conferred on such students as
have graduated in the Schools of Mathematics, Natural
Philosophy, Applied Mathematics, and Chemistry or Applied
Chemistry (Proficiency in the Lecture course), and
obtained a certificate of proficiency in Mineralogy and

4. That of Mining Engineer—conferred on such students
as have graduated in the Schools of Chemistry, Applied
Chemistry and Natural Philosophy, and obtained certificates


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of proficiency in Junior and Intermediate Mathematics, in a
prescribed course of Applied Mathematics, and in Mineralogy
and Geology.

5. That of Civil and Mining Engineer—conferred on such
students as have graduated in Pure Máthematics, Natural
Philosophy, including Mineralogy and Geology, Chemistry,
Applied Mathematics and Applied Chemistry.

Honorary degrees are forbidden by the laws of the


On the closing day of the session, which occurs on the
Thursday before the fourth day of July, the Visitors, Faculty,
Officers, and Students of the University assemble in
the Public Hall—whither also the friends of the students
and the public generally are invited. On this occasion the
results of the examinations are announced, certificates and
diplomas awarded, and addresses delivered by the Bachelors
and Masters of Arts.


The charges common to all classes of students, if two
occupy the same room, are as follows:

Matriculation and library fee,  $25 00 
Room-rent,  15 00 
Contingent deposit,  10 00 
Infirmary fee,  7 50 
Fuel and lights, about  25 00 
Board, including diet, room furniture, and servants'
180 00 
Washing, $1.50 per month—per session,  13 50 
$276 00 

The tuition fees of Academic students attending three
schools (the usual number attended in one session) amount
to $75; of Law students to $80; of students of Civil Engineering
to $90; and of Medical students to $110. Adding
tuition fees to the above estimate of common expenses ($276)
gives the aggregate of the necessary expenses of students,
exclusive of text-books, clothing and pocket money, as

Academic students,  $351 00 
Law students,  356 00 
Engineering students,  366 00 
Medical students,  386 00 


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The following are the fees for the students of Analytical
and Industrial Chemistry:

For the Lecture course, on the applications of Chemistry
to the Arts, the fee is $25, as in other schools.

For the first Laboratory class $50, and an additional
charge of $10 for Laboratory material consumed.

For the second Laboratory class $100, and a charge of $25
for Laboratory material consumed.

For the third Laboratory class (special course for Medical
students) $20, and a charge of $5 for Laboratory material

Each Laboratory student, in whatever course of instruction,
will be required to furnish himself with the more
common and generally necessary articles of apparatus. The
cost of a suitable set need not exceed $15.

All the foregoing items are payable in advance, except
board and washing. One-third ($60) of the board is required
on admission, and the balance in equal instalments at three
and six months thereafter. Washing is paid for monthly, as
the service is rendered.

The contingent deposit is designed to cover any assessments
that may be made against the student during the session
for violation of the rules of the library, damage to
books, room, &c. The residue, less these assessments, which
are generally small, and may be nothing, is refunded to the
student on the settlement of his account at the close of the

There is a well-appointed Infirmary connected with the
University, for the care and comfort of sick students. Every
student, on admission, deposits the Infirmary fee ($7.50),
which entitles him, in case of sickness during the session, to
the advice and attention of the Infirmary physicians (Professors
in the Medical Department), and, if necessary, nursing
by professional nurses, without additional charge.

There are three large boarding-houses within the precincts
of the University, and several outside, but in the immediate
vicinity. At these nearly all the students find accommodations,
and at charges essentially the same. A few find
accommodations in private families, mostly with near relatives
or intimate friends. A few also, for the sake of economy,
mess together and board themselves.

With the exception of a deduction of 20 per cent. in the
tuition fees in favor of those who enter after the 1st of January,


Page 57
no abatement is made in the matriculation and tuition
fees and room-rent on account of late entrance, and no portion
of the same is refunded on account of withdrawal before
the close of the session—unless the withdrawal be rendered
necessary by ill health, and occur before the 1st of March.
The charges for board, fuel, lights, and washing, are estimated
from the time of entrance. Many disadvantages to
the student result from late entrance; therefore, prompt
attendance at the beginning of the session is earnestly
enjoined upon all who wish to derive the full benefits of the
courses of instruction.


An act of the Legislature prohibits merchants and others,
under severe penalties, from crediting students. The license
to contract debts, which the chairman is authorized to grant,
is confined (except when the parent or guardian otherwise,
in writing, requests) to cases of urgent necessity; and these,
it is hoped, parents and guardians will, as far as possible,
prevent from arising, by the timely supply of the requisite


Ministers of the Gospel may attend any of the schools of
the University without the payment of fees to the Professors.
The same privilege will be extended to any young man preparing
for the ministry, on the following conditions:

(1.) He shall submit, for the consideration of the Faculty,
an application, accompanied by testimonials relating to the
fact of his being a bona fide candidate for the ministry,
to his good standing in the church of which he is a member,
to his intellectual capacity, and his inability to meet the
expenses of education at the University without aid.

(2.) No Professor shall be required to form a new class or
assume any other additional labor for the exclusive benefit
of this class of students.


At the end of every month a circular letter is addressed
by the Chairman of the Faculty to the parent or guardian
of each student, in which are stated his absences from lectures
and examinations, and any other irregularity of which
he may have been guilty, together with such further information


Page 58
as to the student's progress and conduct as it may
be deemed proper to communicate. The object of such
report being, on the one hand, to incite the student to steady
diligence, by eliciting the commendation and encouragement
of his friends, and, on the other, to restrain him from idleness
and disorder, or to urge him to amendment by their
admonition and advice; the usefulness of these circulars
greatly depends upon the prompt and judicious attention
they receive from those to whom they are addressed. Parents
and guardians, therefore, cannot be too earnest in
communicating such advice or encouragement as the monthly
report may suggest.


The library of the University, originally selected and
arranged by Mr. Jefferson, and since enlarged by purchases
and donations, now contains about 35,000 volumes.

Students are allowed the use of the books, under the usual
restrictions, and the librarian is present in the library for
four hours daily, to attend to their wants.


This Association is composed of such former students of
the University as, having finally left the Institution, have
been elected members at the annual meetings. Its objects
are the promotion of letters and general education, as well
as the renewal, from year to year, of the pleasing associations
of academic life.

The Society holds its meetings at the close of the session.
An orator or an essayist is annually appointed by the Society
from among its members, and the oration or essay is delivered
in the Public Hall on the day preceding the Public


There are two Literary Societies, (the Washington Society
and the Jefferson Society,) of long standing, connected with
the University. They meet weekly in their respective Halls
for the purpose of cultivating debate and composition, and
occasionally hold public exhibitions.


Page 59


These are recognized as the foundation and indispensable
concomitants of education. The discipline is sedulously
administered with a view to confirm integrity, and to maintain
a sacred regard for truth. Great efforts are made to
surround the students with religious influences; but experience
has proved that the best way to effect this result is to
forbear the employment of coercion to enforce attendance on
religious exercises, which attendance is entirely voluntary.
Prayers are held every morning in the Chapel, and divine
service is performed on Sunday by a chaplain selected, in
turn, from the principal religious denominations. By means
of a Young Men's Christian Association, new comers are
brought under good influences, and the energies of students
willing to engage in the Christian enterprises of the neighborhood
are called into active exercise.


To render education at the University accessible to meritorious
young men of limited means, provision has been
made by the Legislature for the admission of one student
from each Senatorial District of the State, without payment
of matriculation and tuition fees and rents. This provision
is meant to be restricted to those who are not themselves,
and whose parents are not, in a situation to incur the expense
of their education at this Institution, without aid.

State students are appointed by the Faculty upon satisfactory
testimonials of fitness. The term of appointment is
for two years, but for extraordinary proficiency it may be
prolonged. They stand in all respects, except expense, on
the same footing as other students, enjoying the same privileges
and subject to the same laws. By way of remuneration
to the State for the aid afforded them, they are required,
on admission, to sign an engagement to teach in some public
or private school in Virginia for two years after leaving the
University, the emoluments of such service enuring, of
course, to their own benefit.

The applicant for a State appointment should state his age
(which must be at least seventeen) and designate the Schools
of the University he may wish to enter. He should submit
satisfactory testimonials of irreproachable moral character
and of capacity, as well by partial cultivation as original
vigor of mind, to profit by the instruction given at the


Page 60
University. It should also appear that neither he nor his
parents are able to incur the expense of his education without

The Faculty will proceed, on the 1st day of July, 1871,
to make appointments of State students for vacant districts.
The following are the districts under the new Constitution,
all of which, except those indicated by an asterisk, will be
vacant at the close of the present session.

☞ Applications should be addressed to the Chairman of
the Faculty.

  • *I. Alexandria, Fairfax, and Loudoun.

  • II. Fauquier, Rappahannock and Prince William.

  • III. Orange, Culpeper and Madison.

  • IV. Stafford, Spotsylvania and Louisa.

  • *V. Fluvanna, Goochland and Powhatan.

  • VI. Albemarle and Greene.

  • *VII. Buckingham and Appomattox.

  • VIII. Nelson and Amherst.

  • *IX. Franklin and Henry.

  • X. Pittsylvania.

  • XI. Campbell.

  • XII. Bedford.

  • XIII. Halifax.

  • XIV. Charlotte and Prince Edward.

  • XV. Mecklenburg.

  • XVI. King George, Westmoreland, Richmond, Northumberland
    and Lancaster.

  • *XVII. Caroline, Essex and King William.

  • XVIII. Gloucester, Mathews, Middlesex and King &

  • *XIX. Richmond City and Henrico.

  • XX. Norfolk City and Princess Anne.

  • XXI. Norfolk County and City of Portsmouth.

  • XXII. Nansemond, Southampton and Isle of Wight.

  • XXIII. Greenesville, Dinwiddie and Sussex.

  • XXIV. Surry, York, Warwick and Elizabeth City.

  • XXV. Brunswick and Lunenburg.

  • XXVI. Chesterfield and Prince George.

  • XXVII. City of Petersburg.

  • XXVIII. Accomac and Northampton.

  • *XXIX. Hanover, New Kent, Charles City and James City.

  • XXX. Cumberland, Amelia and Nottoway.

  • XXXI. Frederick, Clarke and Shenandoah.

  • 61

    Page 61
  • *XXXII. Page, Warren and Rockingham.

  • XXXIII. Highland and Augusta.

  • XXXIV. Rockbridge, Bath and Alleghany.

  • *XXXV. Botetourt, Roanoke, Craig and Giles.

  • XXXVI. Montgomery, Floyd and Patrick.

  • XXXVII. Grayson, Carroll and Wythe.

  • XXXVIII. Pulaski, Bland, Tazewell and Russell.

  • XXXIX. Lee, Scott, Wise and Buchanan.

  • *XL. Washington and Smyth.


October 1.—Commencement of the Session.

February 22.—Anniversary Celebration of the Washington

April 13.—Anniversary Celebration of the Jefferson Society.

June 24.—Annual Meeting of the Board of Visitors.

June 25.—Sermon before Young Men's Christian Association.

June 26.—Final Celebration of the Washington Society.

June 27.—Final Celebration of the Jefferson Society.

June 28.—Address before the Literary Societies.

June 29.—Public Day, Closing Exercises of the Session
and Address before the Society of Alumni.

July 1.—Appointment of State students.