University of Virginia Library

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To be admitted as a student of the University, the applicant must be
at least sixteen years of age; but the Faculty may dispense with this
requirement in favor of one who has a brother of the requisite age entering
at the same time.

If the applicant for admission has been a student at any other incorporated
seminary, he must produce a certificate from such seminary,
or other satisfactory evidence of general good conduct.

In this institution there is no curriculum or prescribed course of study
to be pursued by every student, whatever his previous preparation or
special objects. In establishing the University of Virginia, Mr. Jefferson,
for the first time in America, threw open the doors of a University,
in the true sense of the name, providing, as amply as the available means
would permit, for thorough instruction in independent schools in all the
chief branches of learning, assuming that the opportunities for study thus
presented were privileges to be voluntarily and eagerly sought, and allowing
students to select for themselves the departments to which they are
led by their special tastes and proposed pursuits in life to devote themselves.

The wisdom of this plan has been amply vindicated by time and experience;
and within the last few years many of the institutions of higher
culture in the United States have, to a greater or less extent, remodelled
their method of study in accordance with the example here set. This
elective system commends itself especially to those who desire to make
professional attainments in any department of knowledge. At the same
time the courses of academic study are so arranged as to provide for the
systematic prosecution of a complete plan of general education.


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While every student may thus select the schools he will attend, in the
academic department he is required, as a rule, to attend at least three,
unless, upon the written request of his parent or guardian, or for good
cause shown, the Faculty shall allow him to attend less than three.

Students are permitted to exchange schools, with transfer of fees, within
ONE WEEK after admission; thereafter no exchange is allowed, except by
leave of the Faculty, and then without transfer of fees.

The session commences on the 1st of October, and continues without
interruption until the Thursday before the 4th of July.

The mode of instruction is by lectures and text-books, accompanied
by daily examinations.


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Prof. Peters.

The subjects taught in this school are the Latin Language and Literature,
with the History of Rome. The school is divided into two classes—
Junior and Senior.

Text-books.  Junior Class—Sallust, Ovid, Terence, Cicero de Officiis, Horace. 
Senior Class—Horace, Seneca, Juvenal, Livy, Cicero, Tacitus. 
Grammars.  Zumpt's, Gildersleeve's, Roby's, Printed Lectures of the Professor. 
Lexicons.  Andrew's, or Freunds' Leverett. 
History.  Browne's Roman Literature, Liddell's Rome, Long's Atlas. 

Instruction is given by lectures, and by examinations upon the portions
of text assigned for recitation. The exercises of rendering Latin into
English, and English into Latin, in writing, constitute a prominent feature
in the course. In addition to the portions of the several authors
read in the lecture-room, a course of extra and parallel reading is required
in each class. The examination for graduation is not limited to
the portions read in the lecture-room, nor to the parallel reading. The
different systems of Latin versification are fully explained by lectures,
and the general subject applied by readings and metrical exercises.


The Professor of Latin will also give instruction in Sanskrit.

Text-books.—Monier Williams' Grammar, Benfey's Lexicon, selections from the


Prof. Price.

The school is divided into three classes—Junior, Intermediate, and
Senior. The method of instruction is by lectures (systematic and exegetical),
by examination, and by written and oral exercises.


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Junior Class—The Junior Class, for which a full knowledge of the Attic inflections
and some experience in translation are demanded, is intended especially for those that
wish to acquire a practical familiarity with the simpler Attic prose, both in reading and
in writing it. The authors read in this class are Xenophon and Lysias.

Grammars.—Curtius's, Goodwin's Elementary.

History.—Fyffe's and Cox's Histories.

Intermediate Class.—The Intermediate Class is intended to give a knowledge of
the Ionic and Doric Dialects. The authors read are Homer, Herodotus, and Theocritus.

Text-books.—Curtius's Grammar, and Bojesen's Antiquities.

Senior Class.—Demosthenes, Plato, Thucydides, Sophocles or Euripides.

Grammars.—Goodwin's Moods and Tenses, and Curtius's.

Lexicons.—Liddell and Scott, and Veitch's Greek Verbs.

The Geography and Political History of Greece are taught in the
Junior Class, Political and Religious Antiquities in the Intermediate, and
History of Literature, Metres and Historical Grammar in the Senior.

For each class a private course of reading also is prescribed.

In each class written exercises in Greek composition are required
every week.

In the examination of candidates for graduation, the passages given
for translation are selected, not from the portions read and explained in
the lecture-room, but from the classic writers at will.

Post-Graduate Department.—The Post-Graduate Department has
been instituted for the benefit of graduates and others who wish to pursue
a more extended course of reading. The authors read in this department
are such as are, either by their form or subjects, less suited for
the regular school; e. g. Æschylus, Aristophanes, and Aristotle.


The Professor of Greek will also give instruction in Hebrew whenever
the demand for such instruction is sufficient to make the institution of a
course of lectures expedient.



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Prof. Schele De Vere.

The subjects taught in this school are:

1. The French, German, Italian and Spanish languages.

2. The Literature of these languages, and the History of each idiom, embracing the
general principles of the formation and growth of Language, and of Comparative Grammar
and Philology.

3. The Anglo-Saxon language, and in connection with it, the History and Laws of
the English language.

Graduation in French and German is required for the degree of A. M.
Diplomas of Graduation are conferred in each of the four languages
mentioned in § 1 and 2; a certificate of Proficiency in Anglo-Saxon.


Text-BooksJunior Class.—The Professor's Grammar and First Reader, Télémaque,
Saintine's Picciola, Masson's Dictionary.

Senior Class.—The Professor's Grammar, Molière, Racine, Voltaire, Saintine's
Picciola, Masson's or Littré's Dictionary. A course of private reading is prescribed.


Junior Class.—Otto's Grammar, Whitney's Reader, Schiller's William Tell, Whitney's

Senior Class.—Whitney's Grammar, Whitney's Dictionary, Schiller's Works,
Gœthe's Autobiography and Faust, Jean Paul's Flegeljahre. A course of private
reading is prescribed.


The Professor's Grammar, Seoane's Dictionary, Colmena Española, Don Quixote,
Calderon's El Principe Constante, Lope's Estrella de Sevilla, Tichnor's History of
Spanish Literature.


Bacchi's Grammar, Monti's Reader, Manzoni's I Promessi Sposi, Tasso's Gerusalemme
Liberata, Pellíco's Le Mie Prigioni, Dictionary.


Shute's Manual of Anglo-Saxon, The Professor's Studies in English, March's Anglo-Saxon


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Prof. Noah K. Davis.

The subjects of this school are treated as follows:

I. In Psychology, the Intellectual Powers are viewed as modes of
consciousness, and distributed as Presentation, Representation, and
Reason. The discussion, having evolved the Laws of Pure Thought, is
followed immediately by the course in Logic. The psychology of the
Sensibilities and Will is then considered, followed by the course in Ethics.
Constant appeal is made to reflective consciousness as the ultimate test
of truth in Psychological Science.

Text-Books.—Hamilton's Metaphysics, Mansel's Metaphysics, Kant's Critique of
Pure Reason.

II. In Logic both the Aristotelic and Hamiltonian analyses are applied
to many examples, and select arguments reduced to syllogistic statement.
Special attention is given to the nature and methods of inductive inference.

Text-Books.—Hamilton's Logic, Mill's Logic.

III. In Ethics the intuitional theory is maintained against utilitarianism.
The chief problems of ethical science are discussed, and its principles
applied to personal and social duty.

Text-Books.—Calderwood's Hand Book of Moral Philosophy, Stewart's Active and
Moral Powers, Blackie's Four Phases of Morals.

IV. In Philosophy an outline of the history of speculation is given,
from Plato to Hegel. The opinions of the various schools are sketched,
the views of different philosophers compared and criticised, and the principles
of Ontology examined.

Text-Book.—Ueberweg's History of Philosophy.

The class is examined on the subject as developed by the lectures,
supplemented by such portions of the text-books as may be indicated by
the Professor.

Political Economy.

Those studying this subject constitute a separate class. The lectures
discuss the relations of Labor and Capital, also various systems of
Currency, Banking, Finance, and Taxation, with special reference to what


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is peculiar in the physical condition, political and social institutions, and
industrial pursuits of our own country. Fundamental questions in
Sociology are also considered.

Text-Books.—Mill's Principles of Political Economy, and Bowen's American Political


Prof. Holmes.

This School is divided into two distinct classes—one of History and
one of Literature and Rhetoric. To each, two lectures in the week are
regularly devoted; but exercises in literary composition are required
from the members of the Literary Class. Each study may be pursued

Class of History.

In the Historical Class the successions, revolutions, and various aspects
of the principal nations of the world are considered in such a manner as
to afford a general and connected view of the progress of political and
social organizations. Insstitutions and laws are noted as the manifestations
of different phases of society; an attempt is made to discover and
elucidate the conditions of historical advancement, and to refer the
changes of nations and governments to the operation of regular principles.

Text-Books.—Schmitz's Manual of Ancient History; Smith's History of Greece;
Gibbon, abridged by Smith; Taylor's Manual of Modern History.

For reference.—Kiepert's Atlas Antiquus, or Long's Ancient Atlas; Appleton's (College)
Atlas: Chambers' Atlas, or other Modern Atlas.

Class of Literature and Rhetoric.

In the Class of Literature and Rhetoric, the English Language, English
Composition, Rhetoric, and the English Classics, with the History
of English Literature, are studied.

The origin, growth, and philological peculiarities of the Language are
considered; the various influences, domestic and external, by which it


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has been brought to its present condition, are explained; the general
principles of Rhetoric and Criticism are taught; the lives of the most
eminent authors in the language are treated in their historical order and
connection; and the critical examination and appreciation of their chief
productions occupy much of the time of the student. The class will also
be required to practise Literary Composition.

Text-Books.—Jamieson's Grammar of Rhetoric; Keane, Handbook of the English
Language; Shaw's Complete Manual of English Literature, Ed. Smith and Tuckerman;
Student's Specimens of English Literature, Ed. Shaw and Smith, London.

Shakspeare's Complete Works; Milton's Poetical Works.

For instruction in Oratory or spoken composition, those portions of
Dr. Broadus's Treatise on the Preparation and Delivery of Sermons
which are appropriate to secular purposes, are specially commended.
The study of Angus's Handbook of the English Language is also recommended.


Prof. Venable.

This school embraces two distinct departments or courses:

  • 1. Pure Mathematics.

  • 2. Mixed Mathematics.

Pure Mathematics.

In the course of Pure Mathematics there are three classes—Junior,
Intermediate, and Senior.

Junior Class.—Theory of Arithmetical Notation and Operations, Algebra, Geometry,
Geometrical Analysis, Elementary Plane Trigonometry. The preparation desirable
for entrance into this class is the thorough study of Arithmetic, of Algebraic
Operations through Equations of the Second Degree, and of Plane Geometry.

Intermediate Class.—Plane and Spherical Trigonometry, Analytical Geometry of
two dimensions, the Elements of Descriptive Geometry, and of the Theory of Equations.

Senior Class.—Analytical Geometry of three Dimensions, Differential and Integral
Calculus, Calculus of Variations, and Theory of Equations. Lectures are given in this
class on the History of Mathematics, and on the elements of some of the modern
Mathematical Theories.


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Text Books.

Junior Class.—Todhunter's Algebra, Venable's Legendre's Geometry.

Intermediate Class.—Snowball's Trigonometry, Law's Logarithms, Puckle's
Conic Sections, Church's Descriptive Geometry.

Senior Class.—Aldis's Solid Geometry, Courtenay's Calculus, Todhunter's Differential
and Integral Calculus, Todhunter's Theory of Equations.

In the Junior Class there are three Lectures each week; in the Intermediate
Class, two Lectures each week; in the Senior Class, three
Lectures each week.

Mixed Mathematics.

This course is designed for those students who may desire to prosecute
their studies beyond the limits of the Pure Mathematics. It embraces
Applications of the Differential and Integral Calculus to selected
portions of Mechanics, Physics, and Physical Astronomy. There is one
class in Mixed Mathematics.

In the class of Mixed Mathematics there are two Lectures each week.

The instruction in each class in the School of Mathematics is conveyed
partly by lectures and partly by the systematic study of approved textbooks.
The student is assisted by full and frequent explanations from
the Professor, and constantly subjected to rigid examinations. The progress
of the student in each class is also tested by his being required to
perform written exercises, in which the principles acquired are applied to
the solution of particular problems.

Any student entering the school has the privilege of attending all or
any of the classes, and if prepared to enter an advanced class, may often
find it highly advantageous to review his previous studies by attendance
on a lower class also.


Prof. Smith.

This School includes two departments—General Physics and Practical

I. General Physics.

Junior Class.—The Junior Class meets three times in each week
throughout the session of nine months. The object of the course of


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lectures to this class is to furnish the student with a comprehensive view
of Modern Physics, and to make him familiar with its methods of investigation.
With the design of laying a thoroughly scientific basis for the
course, a large space is given at the outset to the discussion of the cardinal
doctrines of motion, force and energy, and to their simpler applications
in the pressure and motion of visible masses.

With this preparation the student proceeds to the subject of Molecular
Physics, embracing Sound, Light, Heat and Electricity. Throughout the
course the established laws of motion and force are kept steadily in view,
and an attempt is made to exhibit the evidence, daily becoming stronger
and clearer, for the prevalent belief among scientists, that the entire body
of Physics is a coherent and harmonious system of mechanical truth.

Text-Book.—The Professor's Syllabus.

For Reference.—Everett's Privat Deschanel; Jamin; Daguin.

Senior Class.—This class meets thrice each week, and studies Mechanics
and Astronomy.

Text-Books.—Cummings' Electricity.

Norton's Astronomy, with Chauvenet's Astronomy for reference.

Candidates for graduation in the school of Natural Philosophy are required
to attend only the foregoing classes.

II. Practical Physics.

To meet the wants of students who may be preparing themselves to
become teachers of science, and of those who, for other reasons, desire to
push their studies in Physics beyond the limits of the lecture room course,
the Visitors have recently instituted a special department with the above
title, and have authorized a separate diploma of graduation to be given
to such as exhibit proficiency in its exercises. The course of instruction
in this class will be partly theoretical and partly experimental, embracing
the following topics:

A. Theoretical.—Reduction of observations. Graphical representation
of results. Interpolation. Method of Least Squares. Essays on
prescribed Physical topics.

B. Experimental.—In this, the main portion of the course, the student
will learn physical manipulation, and the use of instruments by actual


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1. Lecture-room Apparatus and Lecture-room Experiments.

2. Physical measurements and "instruments of precision." Cathetometer.
Spherometer. Dividing Engine. Goniometer. Balance. Syren.
Monochord. Revolving Mirror. Photometer. Microscope. Spectroscope.
Polariscope. Electrometer. Galvanometer. Meteorological
instruments, with daily use of the same.

Text-Books.—Chauvenet, "Method of Least Squares,"—Pickering, "Physical
Manipulation,"—Kohlrausch, "Physical Measurements,"—McCulloch, "Theory of


These subjects are, for the present, annexed to the school of Natural
Philosophy, and are assigned to a separate class, which the members of
other classes in the School may attend without payment of an additional
fee. The lectures embrace Physical Geography and Mineralogy, so far
as they are indispensable to the student of Geology. Special reference
is made to the Geological structure of Virginia and the neighbouring

Students in this class will hereafter have the help of the large collections
of the new Natural History Museum.

Text-Book.—Leconte's Elements of Geology.


Prof. Mallet.

In this school there are two classes:

I. The class in general Chemistry hears three lectures each week
throughout the session. The fundamental ideas of chemical science, the
relations of Chemistry to Physics, the laws regulating chemical combinations
by weight and by volume, the atomic theory as at present viewed
in connection with Chemistry, the chemical nomenclature and symbols
now in use, and a general survey of the descriptive chemistry of the elements


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and their compounds, inorganic and organic, are brought forward
in order, with incidental allusion to the applications in medicine, the arts
and manufactures, of the facts mentioned.

The attention of medical students is particularly drawn to the physiological,
medical, and sanitary relations of the subject.

Text-Books.—"Fownes' Chemistry," last edition. Recommended for reference:
Miller's "Elements of Chemistry;" A. Naquet—"Principes de Chimie fondée sur les
théories modernes."

Lectures on Pharmacy are given to the students of medicine, this
special course beginning soon after the intermediate examinations.

Text-Book.—Parrish's Pharmacy.

II. The class in Industrial Chemistry, to which class also three lectures
a week are delivered, studies in detail the chemical principles and
processes specially concerned in the more important arts and manufactures,
upon which, in large measure, depends the development of the
natural resources of the country, the opportunity being thus presented
of preparation for such positions as those of the miner and metallurgist,
the chemical manufacturer, the dyer, bleacher, tanner, sugar refiner, etc.

Amongst the more important subjects discussed are: the production
of MATERIALS OF VERY GENERAL APPLICATION, including the metallurgy
of iron, copper, lead, zinc, tin, silver, gold, etc.; the preparation and
properties of alloys, and the processes of electro-metallurgy, the manufacture
upon the large scale of acids, alkalies, salts, glass, porcelain, and
earthenware; the production and preservation of FOOD, including the
processes of bread-baking, wine-making, brewing, and distilling; the
manufacture of sugar and vinegar, the curing of meat, the examination
and purification of drinking water, etc.; chemical arts relating to CLOTHING,
such as bleaching, dyeing, calico printing, tanning, and the preparation
of India rubber; the chemistry of those arts which afford us SHELTER,
embracing the examination of building materials, lime-burning, the manufacture
of mortar and cement; the explosive agents used in blasting, as
gunpowder, gun-cotton, nitro-glycerine, paints and varnishes, disinfecting
materials, etc.; HEATING and VENTILATION, the different kinds of fuel,
and modes of burning them; ILLUMINATION by artificial means, candles,
lamps, the preparation of petroleum, the manufacturing of illuminating,
gas. matches; the chemistry of WASHING, the preparation of soap, starch,


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and perfumes; the chemical relations of PRINTING and WRITING, the
manufacture of paper, ink, artists' colors, photographic materials, etc.

Text Books.—Wagner's "Chemical Technology." For reference: Richardson and
Watt's "Chemical Technology;" Muspratt's "Chemistry as Applied to Arts and Manufactures;"
Ure's "Dictionary of Arts and Manufactures;" Dumas—"Traité de
Chimie appliquée aux Arts;" Percy's "Metallurgy," etc.

The lectures to both these classes are illustrated by suitable experiments,
and by such specimens, models, drawings, etc., as the various
subjects require. The collections of the University in illustration of the
processes and products of Industrial Chemistry have been procured with
much expense and pains in this country, England, France, and Germany,
and are unusually extensive and good—amongst the best on this side of
the Atlantic.


Adjunct Prof. Thornton.

The business of this department is distributed among three classes, as


1. Engineering Geodesy, including Land Surveying, Levelling, and
Topographical Surveying, with Field work, which is continued throughout
the course.

2. Theory of Parallel Projections, Orthogonal, Axonometric and
Oblique, with the Construction of Shades and Shadows.

3. Construction and Setting out of Roads, Railways, Tunnels, and

4. Elementary Free-hand and Topographical Drawing.


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1. Theory of Central Projections, or Linear Perspective.

2. Resistance of Materials, and Stability of Constructions in Earth,
Masonry, Wood and Metals, including the Construction of Foundations.
Retaining Walls, Arches, Bridges, and Roofs.

3. Higher Geodesy, and the Projection of Maps.

4. Free-hand and Topographical Drawing, Constructive Drawing and


1. Theoretical and Constructive Mechanism, and the Mechanics of

2. Hydraulic Engineering, Theory of Hydraulic Motors.

3. Thermodynamics, Theory of the Steam Engine.

4. Mechanical Drawing and Design.

Text-Books.—Rankine's "Civil Engineering;" Warren's "Descriptive Geometry;"
Warren's "Linear Perspective;" Smith's "Topographical Drawing;" Rankine's
"Machinery and Mill Work;" Barry's "Railway Appliances." Trautwine's Pocket

Lectures are delivered supplementary to the text-books, and also systematic
lectures on subjects for which no suitable text-book is attainable.


The course of Agricultural Engineering embraces selected portions of
the course of Civil Engineering, together with a further course on the
construction and use of Agricultural Machines.


The course of Mining Engineering embraces selected portions of the
course of Civil Engineering, together with the Theory of Underground
Surveying, Setting out Underground Works, and the construction and
use of Machines used in the working of Mines.


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Prof. Mallet. Adjunct Prof Dunnington.

In Analytical Chemistry there are three classes:

I. The first class meets twice each week during the session, on each
occasion spending from two to four hours in practical experiments in the
laboratory. A regularly arranged course of practice in chemical manipulation
is first pursued; qualitative analysis is then taken up, and the
means of detecting the most important chemical substances having been
learned, students are required to find out for themselves, by analysis, the
constituents of unknown materials presented to them. Special attention
is given to substances having useful applications in the arts or connected
with agriculture. Towards the close of the session, the elements of
quantitative analysis are taught, as far as the limitation of time will

II. The laboratory will be open to the second class on six days of
each week during the whole of the working hours of each day. A full
course of instruction in practical chemistry, including the qualitative and
quantitative analysis of ores, soils, manures, technical products, etc., will
be given; and students will be assisted and encouraged to undertake
original research.

III. The third class is one specially intended for students of medicine,
and will meet for lessons of two hours each, twice in the week, for two
months of the session. To this class the practical applications of chemistry
to medicine will be taught, the detection of poisons, chemical and
microscopical examination of animal products, urine, blood, etc.

Among the works recommended to laboratory students are: Fresenius—"Qualitative
and Quantitative Analysis"; H. Rose—"Handbuch der analytischen Chemie" (also in
French translation); Greville Williams—"Handbook of Chemical Manipulation";
Woehler—"Examples for practice in Chemical Analysis"; Von Kobell—"Tafeln zur
Bestimmung der Mineralien," (also in English Translation); Bolley—"Handbuch der
technisch-chemischen Untersuchungen": Odling—"Practical Chemistry for Medical
Students"; A. H. Church—"Laboratory Guide for Agricultural Students."

Besides the above there will also be a class in Practical Pharmacy,
specially intended for medical students, which will receive twelve lessons
during the latter half of the session.


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Text-Books.—Parrish's Pharmacy; with Wood and Bache's "United States Dispensatory,"
for reference.

In Agricultural Chemistry there is one class, to which lectures are delivered
once a week throughout the session; or, when found more convenient
to students of agriculture, a larger number of lectures per week
will be given during a part of the year only.

In this course the chemical and physical properties of soils, of the
atmosphere, and of plants, chemistry of the processes of vegetable life and
growth, the composition and chemical preparation of manures, etc., will
be discussed.

Text-Books.—S. W. Johnson—"How Crops Grow," and "How Crops Feed." For
reference—J. F. W. Johnston—"Agricultural Chemistry"; R. Hoffman—"Theoretisch-praktische

Farmers who are not regular students of the University, but may desire
to attend this special course, are freely invited to do so.

Very liberal provision has been made in the way of material arrangements
for the teachings of this Chair. A new laboratory building of
ample size, specially designed for the purposes of working students, has
been erected, containing all necessary rooms, fitted with double windows
for the preservation of uniform temperature, and amply supplied with gas,
water, and all proper laboratory fixtures; and all needful apparatus, chemicals,
minerals, materials for analysis, etc., have been imported from Europe
in abundance.


Prof. John R. Page.

This school is divided into three classes, viz: Zoology, Botany, and

I. Zoology includes the study of the leading principles of this science,
with special reference to the Anatomy, Physiology, and Morphology of
typical species throughout the animal kingdom.


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Special lectures are given during this course on Insects injurious to
Vegetation, Fish and Oyster culture, and the breeding, rearing, and
diseases of Domestic Animals. The addition of the fine collection of
Zoological specimens in the Brookes Museum largely increases the
facilities for study in this branch.

II. Botany includes a minute history of the structure, physiology and
morphology of the plant, in embryo, root, stem, leaf, flower, fruit, and
formation of seed.

During this course, special lectures are given on Noxious Weeds and
Useful Plants. and the Fungoid diseases of Plants.

III. Agriculture.—This course is divided into two parts, Experimental
and Practical.

1. Experimental Agriculture has reference to the food of Plants in the
Atmosphere and Soil; the formation, variety, classification and adaptation
of soils to various crops, illustrated by suitable experiments.

2. Practical Agriculture relates to the Soil Cultivated, its nature, exposure
and drainage; the importance of making Domestic Manures and
their application; use of Fertilizers, with experiments, in order to show
their effects. Tillage is illustrated practically on the farm, in plowing,
subsoiling, harrowing, rolling, etc.; in preparing the land for the reception
of Seed, as well as in the cultivation of Crops. Special instruction is
given in regard to the practical management of teams, and in the various
mechanical operations on the farm.

The lectures in the three classes are delivered concurrently throughout
the session, as far as practicable.

The following Text-Books will be used in this School:

"Manual of Zoology," Nicholson; "School and Field Book of Botany," Gray; "How
Crops Grow," Johnson; "How Crops Feed," Johnson; "Scientific Agriculture,"

The following may be usefully referred to in connection with different parts of the
course: Carpenter's "Zoology"; Harris' "Insects Injurious to Vegetation"; Chapman's
"Flora of the Southern States"; "How to Farm Profitably," Mechi: "Muck
Manual," Dana; "American Weeds and Useful Plants," Darlington.

No Page Number


Professor of Comparative Anatomy, Physiology and Surgery.

Text-Books.—Dalton's Physiology, Huxley's Elements of Physiology, Ashurst's

Professor of Anatomy and Materia Medica.

Text-Books.—Wilson's Anatomy and Biddle's Materia Medica.

Professor of Medical Jurisprudence, Obstetrics, and Practice of Medicine.

Text-Books.—Roberts' Practice of Medicine (last edition), Hartshorne's Essentials,
Taylor's Medical Jurisprudence (last edition), Playfair's with Roberts' Midwifery (last

J. W. MALLET, Ph. D., M. D.,
Professor of Chemistry and Pharmacy.

Text-Books.—Fownes' Chemistry and Parrish's Pharmacy.

Demonstrator of Anatomy.

The Medical Department is organized on the same general plan as the
other departments of the University, the distinctive features of which are
comprehensiveness and thoroughness of instruction, and the graduation
of the student upon satisfactory evidence of attainments only, without
regard to the length of time he may have been attending the lectures.
An experience of more than forty years has fully tested the excellence of
the plan. The scholarship of the alumni of the institution and the value
of its degrees are now freely conceded by cultivated and liberal men
throughout the country.

The Medical Department of the University aims at thorough work in
its special province, to wit: the instruction of the student in the principles
of medicine, and his discipline in the modes of acquiring and applying
knowledge. Thus, whilst the only solid foundation of professional
attainments is laid, the mental faculties are expanded and strengthened


Page 42
for that growth in knowledge, usefulness and distinction to which every
one who enlists in an honorable and responsible profession should aspire.
The organization and arrangements by which these aims are successfully
accomplished may be briefly stated:


The length of the session (nine months) renders it convenient and
eligible to distribute the subjects of instruction among a smaller number
of Professors than in the other medical schools of the United States,
whose sessions are only four or five months long. Thus, to one Professor
is assigned Physiology and Surgery; to another, Human Anatomy
and Materia Medica; to a third, Chemistry and Pharmacy; and to a
fourth, Medical Jurisprudence, Obstetrics, and the Practice of Medicine.
This distribution renders it practicable to bring the different subjects to
the attention of the student in their natural and successive order. The
arrangement of the lectures is such that he acquires a competent knowledge
of Anatomy, Physiology and Chemistry, before he enters upon the
study of the principles and practice of Medicine and Surgery, which can
only be studied properly in the lights shed upon them by the former.
The instructions in Materia Medica and Pharmacy are also given in due
relation to the progress of the student in Chemistry.


The introduction of Pharmacy into the course of instruction is another
feature of interest, serving, as it does, to initiate the student into an art
which he will find of value when he comes to the practice of his profession.


Favored as the student is in the comprehensiveness, scientific basis
and order of his studies, he is not less favored by arrangements which
give ample time for the preparation of every lecture, and address motives
to him for such preparation. Each professor gives three regular lectures
a week, with occasional extra lectures, making the average weekly
aggregate not over fourteen, or a little more than two a day. The
student, therefore, is not over-burdened with lecture-room attendance.
He has time for study in his private room, to consult books, and compare
their teachings with the oral instructions of his Professor, and to digest
and systematise his acquisitions from both sources. The daily examinations
which precede every lecture supply the stimulus to regular and
active study, serve as summary reviews of what he has already heard or


Page 43
read, and as correctives of any misconceptions he may have fallen into
in his hearing or reading. The daily examinations constitute a very
valuable part of the exercises of the Institution, and are taken into account
in determining the fitness of a student for graduation


The equipment of the Medical Department in apparatus, specimens
and drawings, is extensive and excellent. The collection of paintings
for the illustration of the lectures on Anatomy, Physiology and Surgery,
several hundred in number, is unequalled by anything of the kind in the
United States, or perhaps abroad.


The Department furnishes every facility for the study of practical
Anatomy that can be furnished in similar institutions elsewhere. Adequate
provision is made for the supply of subjects, and each student has
the opportunity, by actual dissection under the guidance of the Demonstrator
of Anatomy, of acquiring a practical knowledge of the structure
of the human body in all its parts.


The degree of Doctor of Medicine is conferred upon such students as
prove their fitness for the same by rigid and searching examination. It
has ever been the policy of the Institution to make its honors testimonials
of merit, and not certificates of attendance on a prescribed
course of instruction In accordance with this policy, the degree of
Doctor of Medicine may be conferred on a first-course student if found
worthy of it. Not only is it within reach of the intelligent, diligent and
persevering to graduate in one session of nine months, but in point of
fact many do thus graduate.


In addition to the usual course of Medical Lectures, two special
courses of instruction will be given by the Professor of Analytical Chemistry,
to such Medical Students as may desire to pursue them:

1st. Sixteen lessons in the practical applications of Chemistry to
Medicine, (the detection of poisons, chemical and microscopic examination
of animal products, urine, blood, etc.)

2nd. Twelve lessons in practical pharmaceutical manipulations.

Each of the above (optional) courses will be at a charge of $20 tuition
fee. and $5 for laboratory material consumed.

No Page Number


Professor of Common and Statute Law.

Professor of Civil, International, and Constitutional Law and Equity.

This Department is organized with a view to acquaint the student
FAMILIARLY AND PRACTICALLY with the principles of his profession. The
instruction is as thorough as possible, and is given partly through textbooks
and partly through lectures, with daily examinations upon both.

A Moot-Court, in connection with other instruction, tends to perfect
the student in the details of practice Under the immediate supervision
of the professors, he is required to pronounce opinions upon supposed
cases; to devise and institute remedies by suit or otherwise; to conduct
suits at law and in equity from their inception through all their stages;
to draw wills, conveyances, and other assurances; and in short, to perform
most of the functions of a practising lawyer.

The Department comprises two schools, each of which is divided into
two classes, and the course of study is as follows:


Prof. John B. Minor, LL. D.

Junior-Class.—Blackstone's Commentaries. Minor's Institutes of Common and
Statute Law, namely:

  • Vol. I, The Rights which relate to the Person.

  • Vol. II, The Rights which relate to Real Property.

  • Vol. III, The Rights which relate to Personal Property.

Senior-Class.—Stephen on Pleading. Minor's Institutes of Common and Statute
Law, namely:

Vol. IV, The Practice of the Law in Civil Cases, including Pleading; Minor's
Synopsis of Criminal Law; Lectures on the Law of Executors.

☞ For reference, Virginia Code (1873); Revised Statutes of United States.


Page 45


Prof. S. O. Southall, LL. D.

Junior-Class.—Vattel's International Law, Lectures on Government, Federalist.

Senior-Class.—Smith's Mercantile Law; Greenleaf's Evidence; Barton's Suit in
Equity; Adams' Equity, with Lectures.

In the Department of Law, the degree of Bachelor of Law is conferred
upon those who, upon examination conducted in writing, manifest
an intimate acquaintance with the subjects taught in ALL THE
CLASSES; and to those who, upon like examination, exhibit a competent
knowledge of International and Constitutional Law, and of the Science
of Government, a certificate of proficiency is awarded.

In order to obtain the degree, the whole of the foregoing course must
be completed HERE, no preliminary examination being had upon entering.

The course is designed for two sessions, and in general, it is not prudent
to devote less to it, the future professional success of the student
depending much upon his full mastery of it. It is a maxim sanctioned by
long and wide experience, that "he who is not a good lawyer when he
comes to the bar, will seldom be a good one afterwards." And in order
to such thorough acquaintance with the elements of the law, thought is
requisite as well as reading; and for the purpose of thought, there must
be TIME to digest, as well as INDUSTRY to acquire. One cannot expect
to gorge himself with law, as a boa constrictor does with masses of food,
and then digest it afterwards; the process of assimilation must go on, if
it is to proceed healthfully and beneficially, at the same time with the
reception of the knowledge. So the athlete judges, who wishes to train
the physical man to the most vigorous development, and the intellectual
athlete cannot do better than imitate the example.

But whilst the student is advised, as a general rule, to avoid the
attempt to complete the course in a single session, yet, if he chooses to
essay it (as some do successfully), he is admitted to stand the graduating
examinations, and if he attains the standard required, he is entitled to
his degree.

The expenses of the Law Student, as appears from page 56 of this
Catalogue, amount to about $361 for a session of nine months, commencing
1st October; or if he messes, to about $271 per session.

No Page Number


Professor of Natural History, Experimental and Practical Agriculture.

JOHN W. MALLET, Ph. D., M. D., LL. D.,
Professor of General and Applied Chemistry.

Adjunct Professor of Analytical and Agricultural Chemistry.

Adjunct Professor of Applied Mathematics and Engineering.

The late Samuel Miller, of Lynchburg, having by deed given in trust
one hundred thousand dollars for the establishment of a Department of
Scientific and Practical Agriculture at the University of Virginia, the
Trustees under this deed met the Rector and Visitors of the University
on the 17th of September, 1869, and arrangements were made for putting
the said department in operation. These arrangements have subsequently,
by action taken at various times, been extended and added to, the above
named Professors have been nominated by the Trustees of the "Miller
Fund," and elected by the Board of Visitors of the University, certain
lands belonging to the University have been set aside and brought into
cultivation as an Experimental Farm, a machine for the manufacture of
drain tiles has been imported from England and put in operation, and
implements, apparatus, models and specimens of various kinds have been
collected as material aids to the course of instruction.

In this, as in all the other departments of the University, entire freedom
of choice is left to the student as to the schools he shall attend, and
the order in which he shall attend them, and this choice will be influenced
in individual cases by the nature and extent of previous preparation
as well as by difference of ulterior aim; but a student of average
ability, who has already had a fair general education, and who comes to


Page 47
the University with the intention of devoting himself to a study of the
principles upon which Agriculture is based, will probably do well to select
for the first year Natural Philosophy, (Junior Class,) Chemistry (general),
Natural History and Mineralogy and Geology; and for the second year
Scientific and Practical Agriculture, Agricultural and Industrial Chemistry
(including the first Laboratory class of Analytical Chemistry) and Agricultural
Engineering. This arrangement of studies may with advantage
be expanded to a course for three years, or may be varied by the selection
of other Schools when deemed desirable. For the method of study
in the respective Schools, reference should be made to the preceding
pages of this Catalogue.

    Trustees of Miller Fund.

  • W. J. ROBERTSON, President.

  • J. M. McBRYDE,

  • W. W. MINOR,

  • S. W. FICKLIN,



  • H. W. JONES.

  • R. T. W. DUKE, Secretary,


June 2, Monday,  Latin I. 
June 4, Wednesday,  History; Senior Natural Philosophy. 
June 6, Friday,  German. 
June 7, Saturday,  Greek I; Applied Chemistry. 
June 11, Wednesday,  Latin II. 
June 12, Thursday,  Geology; Anglo Saxon. 
June 14, Saturday,  French. 
June 16, Monday,  Senior Mathematics. 
June 17, Tuesday,  General Chemistry. 
June 19, Thursday,  Greek II. 
June 21, Saturday,  Moral Philosophy. 
June 23, Monday,  Literature. 
June 25, Wednesday,  Junior Natural Philosophy. 
June 26, Thursday,  Intermediate and Junior Latin. 
June 28, Saturday,  Intermediate and Junior Mathematics. 

No Page Number


Any person of unexceptionable character and habits, upon producing
to the Faculty satisfactory evidence of suitable capacity and attainments,
will be licensed by the Faculty to form classes for private instruction in
any school of the University, in aid of and in conformity to the public
teachings of the Professor upon any subject taught therein. The employment,
selection, and compensation of any such Licentiate is left to
the option of the students.


8h. to 9h.  9h to 10h.  10h. to 11.  11h. to 12½.  12½h. to 2h.  3½h. to 5h. 
MONDAY.  Sen. Greek.
Jun. Latin.
Sen. Ap. Mat.
8 to 9½. 
Sen. Latin.
Hist. & Lit.
Sen. Nat. Phil.
Phys. & Surg.
9 to 11. 
Sen. Mat.
Jun. Law.
An. Chem.
Sen. German.
Sen. Law.
Jun. Greek. 
Moral Phil.
Jun. Mat.
Ind. Chem. 
TUESDAY.  Jun. French.
Sen. Greek.
Int. Apt. Mat. 
Jun. German.
Int. Ap. Mat. 
Hist. & Lit.
Jun. Ap. Mat.
9 to 11. 
Jun. Nat. Phil.
Sen. Law.
An. Chem.
Int. Greek.
Jun. Law.
Moral Phil.
Ag. Chem.
Nat. His. & Ag. 
WEDN'DAY.  Sen. Greek.
Jun. Latin.
Sen. Ap. Mat.
8 to 9½. 
Sen. Latin.
Jun. Ap. Mat. 
Hist. & Lit.
Sen. Nat. Phil.
Phys. & Surg.
9 to 11. 
Sen. Mat.
Jun. Law. 
An. Chem.
Sen. German.
Sen. Law.
Jun. Greek. 
Ind. Chem.
Jun Mat.
Polit. Econ. 
THURS.  Jun. French.
Int. Ap. Mat. 
Sen. French.
Int. Ap. Mat. 
Hist. & Lit.
9 to 11. 
Jun. Nat. Phil.
Sen. Law. 
An. Chem.
Int. Mat.
Jun. Law. 
Moral Phil.
Nat. His. & Ag. 
FRIDAY.  Sen. Greek.
Jun. Latin.
Sen. Ap. Mat. 
Sen. Latin.
Jun. Ap. Mat. 
Hist. & Lit.
Sen. Nat. Phil.
Phys. & Surg.
9 to 11. 
Sen. Mat.
Jun. Law. 
Int. Greek.
Sen. Law.
Polit. Econ.
Jun. Mat.
Ind. Chem. 
SAT'DAY.  Jun. German.  Sen. French.  Jun. Ap. Mat.
9 to 11. 
Jun. Nat. Phil.
Sen. Law. 
An. Chem.
Int. Math
Jun. Law. 
Moral Phil.
Nat. His. & Ag. 

No Page Number


The examinations are of three kinds: 1, the Daily examinations; 2,
the Intermediate and Final general examinations; and 3, the examinations
for Graduation.


Each Professor, before commencing the lecture of the day, examines
his class orally on the subject of the preceding lecture, as developed in
the text-book and expounded in the lecture.


Two general examinations of each class are held during the session in
the presence of a committee of the Faculty, which every student is required
to stand. The first, called the Intermediate examination, is held
about the middle of the session, and embraces in its scope the subjects
of instruction in the first half of the course. The second, called the
Final examination, is held in the closing month of the session, and embraces
the subjects treated of in the second half of the course. These
examinations are conducted in writing. The questions propounded have
each numerical values attached to them. If the answers of the student
are valued in the aggregate at not less than three-fourths of the aggregate
values assigned to the questions, he is ranked in the FIRST division; if
less than three-fourths and more than one-half, in the SECOND division;
if less than one-half and more than one-fourth, in the THIRD division;
and if less than one-fourth, in the FOURTH division.

Certificates of distinction are awarded to those who attain the first
division at one or both of these examinations, and their names are published
or announced in the closing exercises of the session.

The general examinations are sufficiently comprehensive and difficult
to render it impossible for the student, without steady diligence, to secure
a place in the first division. The results, whatever they may be, are communicated
to parents and guardians respectively in the final circular of
the session.

The standing of the student at the daily and general examinations is
taken into account in ascertaining his qualifications for graduation in
any of the schools.


Page 50


The examinations for graduation are held in the last month of the
session. They are conducted in each school by the Professor thereof, in
the presence of two other Professors, forming with him the Committee
of examination for the school.

The candidates for graduation are subjected to searching interrogations
on the details and niceties as well as the leading principles of the subject,
and they are expected to be accurately versed in all the topics
treated of in the lectures and correlative text.

These examinations are chiefly carried on in writing; but in some of
the schools they are partly oral.

As a proper acquaintance with the English language is indispensable to
the attainment of any of the honors of the Institution, all candidates for
graduation are required to exhibit in their examination due qualifications
in this respect.


The degrees conferred by the University are Academic and Professional.

The Academic Degrees are:

1. That of Proficient—conferred for satisfactory attainments in certain
subjects of study, to wit: In Anglo-Saxon, the Junior and Intermediate
Course of Mathematics, Mineralogy and Geology, Physics, Physiology,
Medical Jurisprudence, Human Anatomy, Botany, Political Economy,
History, Literature, International Law and Government, Pharmacy, and
Agricultural Chemistry.

2. That of Graduate in a School—conferred for satisfactory attainments
in the leading subjects of instruction in the same, to wit: In the
Latin Language and Literature, in the Greek Language and Literature,
in the French, German, Spanish, or Italian Language and Literature.
Mixed Mathematics, Pure Mathematics, Natural Philosophy, Practical
Physics, Moral Philosophy, History, Literature and Rhetoric, Applied
Mathematics, Analytical Chemistry, General Chemistry, Industrial Chemistry,
and Natural History and Practical Agriculture.

3. That of Bachelor of Letters—conferred upon such students as
have graduated in the Schools of Ancient and Modern Languages, Moral
Philosophy, and History, Literature and Rhetoric.

4. That of Bachelor of Science—conferred on such students as have
graduated in the Schools of Mathematics, Natural Philosophy, and General
Chemistry, and who are proficient in the classes of Mineralogy and


Page 51
Geology, and who have attained distinctions in the Junior Class of Applied
Mathematics, and made satisfactory attainments in the first Laboratory
class of Analytical Chemistry.

5. That of Bachelor of Arts—conferred on such students as have
made satisfactory attainments in the Senior Classes of Greek and Latin;
in the Intermediate Class in Pure Mathematics and in Moral Philosophy;
obtained certificates in Physics and in History, or Literature and Rhetoric;
and graduated in Chemistry and French or German.

6. That of Master of Arts of the University of Virginia, conferred
upon students who have graduated in the Latin, Greek, French and
German Languages Pure Mathematics, Natural Philosophy, General
Chemistry, Moral Philosophy, and History, Literature and Rhetoric, and
who have been subjected in the last year of their candidacy to a special
examination, in any two schools of their own selection, in which they may
have graduated in a previous year.

The candidate for the degree of Bachelor or Master of Arts is also required
to submit for the approval of the Faculty an essay, composed by
himself, on some subject of Literature or Science, which essay must be
read by the author on the Public Day, if so ordered.

The Professional Degrees are:

1. That of Bachelor of Law—conferred for satisfactory attainments
in all the subjects of instruction in the Schools of Law.

2. That of Doctor of Medicine—conferred for satisfactory attainments
in all the subjects of instruction in the several schools constituting
the Medical Department.

Candidates for the degree of Doctor of Medicine who have been previously
declared graduates in General Chemistry, or proficients in Anatomy,
Physiology, or Medical Jurisprudence, are not required to stand
the examinations of these subjects anew; and the same rule applies to
candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Law who are proficients in International
Law and Government.

3. That of Civil Engineer—conferred on such students as have
graduated in the schools of Mathematics, Natural Philosophy, Applied
Mathematics, and General Chemistry or Industrial Chemistry, and obtained
a certificate of proficiency in Mineralogy and Geology.

4. That of Mining Engineer—conferred on such students as have
graduated in the schools of General and Industrial Chemistry, Analytical
Chemistry, and Natural Philosophy, and obtained certificates of proficiency


Page 52
in Junior and Intermediate Mathematics, in a prescribed course
of Applied Mathematics, and in Mineralogy and Geology.

5. That of Civil and Mining Engineer—conferred on such students
as have graduated in Pure Mathematics, Natural Philosophy, including
Mineralogy and Geology, General and Industrial Chemistry, Applied
Mathematics, and Analytical Chemistry.


On the closing day of the session, which occurs on the Thursday before
the 4th day of July, the Visitors, Faculty, Officers and Students of
the University assemble in the Public Hall, whither also the friends of
the students and the public generally are invited. On this occasion the
results of the examination are announced, certificates and diplomas
awarded, and addresses delivered by the Bachelors and Masters of Arts.


The charges common to all classes of students, if two occupy the same
room, are as follows:

Matriculation and Library Fee,  $30 00 
Room Rent,  15 00 
Contingent Deposit,  10 00 
Infirmary Fee,  7 50 
Fuel and Lights, about,  25 00 
Board, including diet, furniture of room, and attendance,  180 00 
Washing, $1.50 per month—per session, say,  13 50 
$281 00 

By messing, the board may be reduced to $90, and thus the expenses
above enumerated may be reduced to $191.

The tuition fees of Academic students attending three schools (the
usual number attended in one session) amount to $75; of Law students
to $80; of students of Civil Engineering, attending three schools, to
$100; and of Medical students, to $110. Adding tuition fees to the
above estimate of common expenses of students ($281), gives the aggregate
of the necessary expenses of students, exclusive of text-books, clothing,
and pocket money, as follows:

By messing. 
Academic students,  $356  $266 
Law students,  361  271 
Engineering students,  381  291 
Medical students,  391  301 


Page 53

The following are the fees for the students of Analytical and Agricultural

For the first Laboratory class $50, and an additional charge of $10
for Laboratory material consumed.

For the second Laboratory class $100, and a charge of $25 for
Laboratory material consumed.

For the third Laboratory class (special class for Medical students), or
for the class in Practical Pharmacy, $20, and a charge of $5 for Laboratory
material consumed.

Each Laboratory student, in whatever course of instruction, except
that of Practical Pharmacy, will be required to furnish himself with the
more common and generally necessary articles of apparatus. The cost
of a suitable set need not exceed $15.

For the course of lectures on Agricultural Chemistry, if taken without
the Laboratory course, $15; but Laboratory students of any class are
entitled to attend these lectures free of charge.

For the course of Practical Physics $100 when six lessons a week are
given, and $50 when three only are given; these fees including all
charges except those for breakage of apparatus.

All the foregoing items are payable in advance, except board and
washing. One-third ($60) of the board is required on admission, and the
balance in equal instalments, at three and six months thereafter. Washing
is paid for monthly.

The contingent deposit is designed to cover any assessments that may
be made against the student during the session for violation of the rules
of the library, damage to books, room, etc. The residue is refunded to
the student on the settlement of his account at the close of the session.


There is a well-appointed infirmary connected with the University for
the care and comfort of sick students. Every student on admission deposits
the infirmary fee, ($7.50,) which entitles him, in case of sickness
during the session, to the advice and attention of the infirmary physicians,
(Professors in the Medical Department.) and if necessary, to nursing by
professional nurses without additional charge.


There are two large boarding houses within the precincts of the University,
and several outside, but in the immediate vicinity. At these


Page 54
most of the students find accommodations, and at charges essentially
the same. Some find accommodations in private families; some also,
for the sake of economy, mess together and board themselves.

To secure rooms in the University buildings, application may be made
by letter to the Proctor; but if the rent is not deposited with him before
the 15th of September, the room is considered to be unengaged.


Students can join the Mess-Club with the design of reducing the cost
of living while members of the institution. Suitable University rooms
have been assigned for the accommodation of the club. The Mess will
be managed by its own members as far as practicable. The Chairman
of the Faculty will render such assistance as may be found necessary
to advance its interests.

By the experience of private mess-clubs connected with the University
during several sessions past, it is established that the cost of living, including
board, room rent, fuel, etc., need not exceed fifteen dollars per
month, with the fare abundant and wholesome. The rate per month
will, however, depend upon the good management of the club. The business
of the Mess, catering, etc., will be attended to by a superintendent,
to be selected by the club, subject to the approval of the Faculty. It is
suggested to those students who propose to join a mess-club to bring
bedding, etc., from their homes with them.

Apply to the Chairman of the Faculty for further information upon
the subject.

The system of messing by the students, authorized by the Board, has
been in successful operation during the present session upon a more extended
scale than before. Over eighty students have been messing in
two distinct messes in different locations within the precincts.


No abatement is made in the matriculation and tuition fees and room
rent on account of late entrance, unless the student enters after the first
of January, and no portion of the same is refunded on account of withdrawal
before the close of the session, unless the withdrawal be rendered
necessary by ill health, and occur before the first of March. The charges
for board, fuel, lights, and washing are estimated from the time of entrance.
Many disadvantages to the student result from late entrance:
therefore prompt attendance at the beginning of the session is earnestly


Page 55
enjoined upon all who wish to derive the full benefits of the course of


An Act of the Legislature prohibits merchants and others, under severe
penalties, from crediting students. The license to contract debts, which
the chairman is authorized to grant, is confined (except when the parent
or guardian requests otherwise in writing,) to cases of urgent necessity;
and these, it is hoped, parents and guardians will as far as possible prevent
from arising by the timely supply of the requisite funds.


Ministers of the Gospel may attend any of the schools of the University
without the payment of fees to the Professors. The same privilege
will be extended to any young man preparing for the ministry, on condition
that he shall submit testimonials that he is a bona fide candidate for
the ministry, and unable to meet the expenses of education at the University
without aid.


Wm. Wertenbaker, Librarian. F. W. Page, Assistant Librarian.

The library of the University, originally selected and arranged by Mr.
Jefferson, and since enlarged by purchases and donations, now contains
about 36,000 volumes.

Valuable additions are being made from the donation of $1,000 per
annum for five years by W. W. Corcoran, Esq., of Washington, D. C.

Students are allowed the use of the books under the usual restrictions,
and the librarian is present in the library for four hours daily, to attend
to their wants


This Museum consists of well-selected cabinets of Zoology, Mineralogy
and Geology, arranged in a handsome building, erected for the purpose,
according to the plans of a competent architect. The collections have
been made, mounted, and arranged by Professor Henry A. Ward, of
Rochester, N. Y. They furnish ample means of illustration in their several
departments. The building and its various cabinets are the gift of
the late Mr. Lewis Brooks, of New York.


There are two Literary Societies (the "Washington Society" and the
"Jefferson Society,") of long standing connected with the University.


Page 56
They meet weekly in their respective halls for the purpose of cultivating
debate and composition, and occasionally hold public exhibitions.


Morality and Religion are recognized as the foundation and indispensable
concomitants of education. The discipline is sedulously administered
with a view to confirm integrity and to maintain a sacred regard
for truth. Great efforts are made to surround the students with religious
influences; but experience has proved that the best way to effect this
result is to forbear the employment of coercion, and the attendance on
religious exercises is entirely voluntary. Prayers are held every morning
in the chapel, and divine service is performed twice on Sunday by a
chaplain, selected in turn from the principal religious denominations.


This Society seeks to bring new students under good influences, and
furnishes opportunities for Christian work in the University and its
neighborhood It has been in active operation many years, but has recently
established the


This is convenient of access, comfortably arranged and furnished, and
supplied with a large selection of the best periodical literature. It is
open to all members of the University upon the payment of a small fee
to meet its current expenses.


The Friends of Temperance are represented by University Council,
No. 46, an association which has done good service in guarding young
men against dangerous excesses, and in promoting literary and moral


At the end of every month a circular letter is addressed by the Chairman
of the Faculty to the parent or guardian of each student, in which
are stated his absences from lectures and examinations, and any other
irregularities of which he may have been guilty, together with such further
information as to the student's progress and conduct as it may be deemed
proper to communicate. The object of such report being, on the one
hand, to incite the student to steady diligence, by eliciting the commendation
and encouragement of his friends, and, on the other, to restrain


Page 57
him from idleness and disorder, or to urge him to amendment by their
admonition and advice, the usefulness of these circulars greatly depends
upon the prompt and judicious attention they receive from those to
whom they are addressed. Parents and guardians, therefore, cannot be
too earnest in communicating such advice or encouragement as the
monthly report may suggest.


Eleven Scholarships, entitling the successful candidates at a competitive
examination to prosecute their studies for one session at the University
of Virginia without the payment of matriculation fees or tuition
fees, will be open to new-comers from all the States at the beginning of
the next academic year, (October 1st.) Of these eleven Scholarships five
are in the Academic Department, and two each in the departments of
Law, of Medicine, and of Industrial Chemistry, Civil and Mining Engineering
and Agriculture. The examination is uniform, and embraces
Latin, Greek, Mathematics, and English; and in order to secure positive
attainments the right is reserved to reject any papers that do not reach
the standard required for distinction at the Final Examination in Junior
Latin, Junior Greek, and Junior Mathematics, and do not show a competent
acquaintance with the grammatical and rhetorical structure of the
English language.


Under a late act of the Legislature, students from Virginia over
eighteen years of age are, on examination, admitted into the Academic
Schools without being required to pay tuition fees therein.

The expenses of such students, exclusive of text books, clothing, and
pocket-money, will be—

For those who board, from  $250 to $281 
For those who mess, from  $191 to $200—or less. 

By authority of the General Assembly, the following regulations have
been adopted by the Board of Visitors as to the General and Special
Examinations for admission of Virginia students into the University:

General Examination.

Applicants are required to pass, once for all, to entitle them to matriculation,
on their first coming to the University, an examination in the
English Language and in Arithmetic. In English, they will be required
to show both a practical knowledge of the language, as proved by orthography


Page 58
and by correctness in composition, and also a theoretical
knowledge of the inflections and Syntax. In Arithmetic, they will be
required to know the four elementary processes, Vulgar and Decimal
Fractions, and the metric system of Denominate Numbers.

Special Examinations.

After passing the General Examination, the students that desire to
study Latin, Greek, Mathematics, or History and Literature, will be required
to pass the following Special Examinations for each school:

I. For admission to the School of Latin—the full knowledge of the
Inflections of the language will be rigorously demanded; besides this,
acquaintance with the elementary principles of Syntax and ability to
translate any passage from books I and II of Cæsar's Commentaries or
from Cicero's four orations against Catiline.

II. For admission to the School of Greek—a full and exact knowledge
of the Attic Inflections, especially of the verb, will be rigorously demanded;
besides this, acquaintance with the elementary principles of
Syntax, and ability to translate any passage from the first two books of
Xenophon's Anabasis.

III. For admission to the School of Mathematics—the knowledge of
Algebra, embracing the fundamental operations, single and quadratic
equations, proportion and progressions, and of Plane Geometry.

IV. For admission to the School of History and Literature: For the
Class of History—Modern Geography, and an Elementary History of
Greece, Rome, the United States, or England: for the Class of Literature—an
Elementary History of England.

For admission to the other Academic Schools, not specified above,
only the General Examination will be required. The preparation required
for the advanced classes, Intermediate or Senior, in the several
schools, is shown by the courses laid down in the Catalogue.

The examinations of Academic Students from Virginia, over eighteen
years of age, for admission under the late act of the Legislature, will
begin on the 23d, 25th, 27th, and 30th of September.

All students that intend to apply for examination under the law are
urged to report themselves promptly to the Examiners before the beginning
of the session, (1st of October.) Those that come later, after the
work of the session has begun, will of necessity be subjected to inconvenience
and delay.


Page 59

The time of the special examination will be fixed by the several professors,
each for his own school.

The Faculty of the University, prompted by their experience of the
preliminary examinations of the present session, wish most earnestly to
call the attention of the public, and especially of their brother teachers
in Virginia, to the importance of accuracy and thoroughness in the elements
of education, especially in English orthography and composition,
in elementary geography and history, in arithmetic, and in the inflections
of the classical languages. Students that are well grounded in these
elementary studies can do well from the first, and can advance themselves
steadily from class to class; but looseness and inaccuracy of knowledge
in these lead only to prolonged and disheartening failure. The stress of
the preliminary examinations will, therefore, be laid upon accuracy in
elementary knowledge.

Note.—In the Schools of Greek and Mathematics, young men are
advised to prepare themselves at least for the intermediate classes.


Under an act of the Legislature, entitled "A bill to encourage donations
to the University of Virginia, and to constitute the State of Virginia
the trustee thereof," "any person may deposit in the treasury of
this State or bequeath money, stock, or public bonds of any kind, to be
so deposited, or grant, devise, or bequeath property, real or personal, to
be sold, and the proceeds to be so deposited, in sums not less than one
hundred dollars, which shall be invested in certificates of debt of the
State of Virginia, or of the United States, or any other State thereof, for
the benefit of the University of Virginia; and in such case the interest
or dividend accruing on such stock, certificates of debt or bonds, shall
be paid to the Rector and Visitors of the University, to be by them
appropriated to the general purposes thereof, unless some particular
appropriation shall have been designated by the donor or testator as
hereinafter provided_____________The State of Virginia is hereby constituted
the trustee for the safekeeping and due application of all funds
which may be deposited in the treasury in pursuance of this act."

The legal title of the University is—

"The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia."


Page 60


Under an act of the Legislature, entitled "A bill to incorporate the
Society of Alumni of the University of Virginia," this Society is authorized,
by its Executive Committee, or in such other way as it may direct,
"to raise the sum of five hundred thousand dollars, to be held in the
name of the `Society of Alumni of the University of Virginia,' to be
safely invested, and the net annual income therefrom to be applied to the
benefit of the University of Virginia." It is also empowered "to employ
agents to obtain endowments for scholarships and professorships, to
solicit donations, to dispose of anything of any value belonging to the
Society or entrusted to its management for the purpose of endowing
professorships or scholarships, or for accomplishing any of the other objects
of the Society authorized by its charter."


Mr. E. H. Squibb, of Brooklyn, N. Y., has presented to the University
the full equipment of a Gymnasium, for the use of which a suitable locality
has been provided; and a society, organized among the students for
the promotion of physical culture, under the name of the "Squibb Gymnasium
Association," has been in successful operation during the current


This organization, founded upon a liberal gift from F. R. Rives, Esq.,
of New York, suffered in the autumn of 1877 the loss of its boats and
boat-house—swept away by the unusual flood in the Rivanna river. It has,
however, raised by subscription amongst its members and other students
of the University, and with further kind aid from Mr. Rives, funds fully
sufficient to repair the loss, and rowing will be resumed with the first fine
weather of spring.


March 1st, 1877 to March 1st, 1878,

    From the following:

  • W. W. Corcoran, Esq.—Two Instalments
    of $1,000 each of a Gift of $5,000 to be
    paid in annual instalments.

  • J. H. Siddons.

  • S. S. Laws, LL. D.

  • Committee of the Public Library of Indianapolis.

  • Board of Directors of Mercantile Library
    Company, Philadelphia.

  • Hon. Hamilton Fish, Secretary of State.

  • George Reuling, M. D.

  • Brigadier-General A. A. Humphreys, Chief
    of Engineers, U. S. A.—The Publications
    of his Department.

  • 61

    Page 61
  • Hon. R. E. Withers.—Public Documents.

  • Treasury Department, Washington, D. C.
    —Public Documents.

  • Samuel A. Green, M. D.

  • Hon. J.W. Johnston.—Public Documents.

  • C. C. Dawson, Esq.

  • Peter C. Harris, Major of Engineers, U.S.A.

  • Bureau of Navigation, Washington, D. C.
    —Publications of the Office.

  • J. W. Simmons, Superintendent of Public
    Instruction, New Hampshire.

  • Frederic Pincott, Member of the Royal
    Asiatic Society of Great Britain.

  • Hon. John Goode.—Public Documents.

  • Trustees of the Corcoran Gallery of Art.

  • J. A. Williamson, Commissioner of the
    General Land Office.

  • Society of Arts, London.

  • Smithsonian Institution.

  • Boston University.

  • Judge Robert W. Hughes.

  • C. Woolnaugh, M. A., University of
    Cambridge, England.

  • Commissioners from New South Wales,
    Australia, to International Exhibition at
    Philadelphia, 1876.

  • Brazilian Centennial Commission to International
    Exhibition at Philadelphia, 1876.

  • Thomas Graham, Esq.

  • Government of Great Britain.—11 Volumes
    of the Publications of the Record

  • Harper & Brothers.

  • Fred. W. Simonds, M. S.

  • W. H. Smith, Esq.

  • Civil Engineering Class of University of
    Virginia, of 1874-'5.

  • Commonwealth of Virginia.—State Publications.

  • American Philosophical Society.

  • Thomas P. Janes, Commissioner of Agriculture
    of the State of Georgia.

  • Portuguese Centennial Commissioners to
    the International Exhibition at Philadelphia,

  • Bureau of Education, Washington, D. C.

  • Department of the Interior, Washington, D.
    C.—52 Volumes of Public Documents.

  • His Excellency the Gov. General of India.
    —Continuation of the Memoirs and Records
    of the Geological Survey of India.

  • F. Schneider, Esq., Washington, D. C.

  • J. G. Cabell, M. D., President of the
    Board of Health, Richmond, Va.

  • Alexander Hogg, Esq.

  • Bernard Quaritch, Esq.

  • Trustees of the Peabody Museum of American

  • The State of New Hampshire.

  • The Committee of the Cobden Club, London.

  • The State of South Carolina.—State Publications.

  • Hon. Alex. H. H. Stuart.

  • Department of State, Washington, D. C.

  • Frederic W. Page, Esq.

  • John Erücsosson, LL. D.

  • Señor Don Mariano Bárcena, City of

  • Alexander Moseley, Esq.

  • Missouri State University.

  • Brigadier-General S. V. Benet, Chief of
    Ordnance, U. S. A.

  • B. Westermann & Co.

  • A. R. Spofford, Librarian of Congress.

  • Little, Brown & Co.

  • O. C. Marsh, Esq.

  • Judge Wm. D. Shipman, New York,

  • Professor Thomas R. Price.

  • Professor John R. Page.


St. George T. Bryan, Esq., Eureka, Nev.—Collection of ores and assay samples, chiefly
of the precious metals.

Peter Neff, Gambier, Ohio.—"Diamond" lamp-black, from natural marsh gas of oil

Ch. L. Oudesluys, Baltimore.—"Mineral wool," from blast furnace slag.

Low Moor Iron Co. of Va.—Specimens of brown hæmatite ore.

$250 given by Mr. F. R. Rives, of the city of New York, (a second
donation), to the Boat Club of the University of Virginia.