University of Virginia Library

A. Lectures.

In connection with this course there is but one class, the
students attending which hear three lectures each week
throughout the session.

Amongst the more prominent subjects discussed are: The
production of Materials of very general application, including
the Metallurgy of Iron, Copper, Lead, Zinc, Tin, Silver,
Gold, &c., the preparation and properties of Alloys, and
the processes of Electro-Metallurgy, the manufacture upon
the large scale of Acids, Alkalies, Salts, Glass and Porcelain;
the production and preservation of Food, including the
Chemistry of Agriculture, the processes of Bread Making,
Wine Making, Brewing and Distilling, the manufacture of
Sugar and Vinegar, the curing of Meat, the examination of
Potable Water, &c.; Chemical Arts relating to Clothing,
such as Bleaching, Dyeing, Calico Printing, Tanning, and
the preparation of India Rubber; the Chemistry of those
arts which afford us Shelter, embracing the examination of
Building Materials, Lime Burning, the manufacture of
Mortar and Cements, the Explosive Agents used in blasting,
as Gunpowder, Gun Cotton, Nitro-Glycerine, &c., Paints
and Varnishes, Disinfecting Materials, &c.; Heating and
the different kinds of Fuel and modes of
Burning them; Illumination by artificial means, Candles,
Lamps, the preparation of Petroleum, the manufacture of
Illuminating Gas, Matches; the Chemistry of Washing,
the preparation of Soap, Starch and Perfumes; the Chemical
relations of Printing and Writing, the manufacture of
Paper, Ink, Artists' Colors, Photographic Materials, &c.

The lectures are illustrated by suitable experiments, and
by such specimens, models, drawings, &c., as the various
subjects require. Amongst books which can be usefully
referred to in connection with different parts of this course
may be mentioned: Muspratt—Chemistry as Applied to Arts


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and Manufactures; Richardson and Watts—Chemical Technology;
Ure—Dictionary of Arts and Manufactures; Dumas—Traite
de Chimie Appliquee aux Arts;
Die chemische Technologie; Johnston—Agricultural Chemistry;
R. Hoffman—Theoretisch-practische Ackerbauchemie.

The subjects germane to Agriculture are treated of at different
periods of the lecture course, and cannot well be
brought together with a due regard to system, but the discussion
more particularly of soils, manures, &c., will be
brought forward in January or February (this year in February),
with a view to the convenience of farmers or others,
not regular students of the University, who may desire to
attend this portion of the course separately. Such persons
are freely invited to thus temporarily join the class for the
purpose in question.