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S. T. Coleridge, The Friend, ed. Barbara E. Rooke (1969), in Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, General Editor, Kathleen Coburn, IV, hereafter referred to as Friend (CC).


Friend (CC), II, 391.


Collected Letters of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, ed. E. L. Griggs, (1956-71) [hereafter CL] V, 131.


CL, V, 133. From Coleridge's letters to Carey it is clear that he must have annotated Middleton's copy of The Friend between Sunday, December 31, 1820 and Wednesday, January 3, 1821.


I.e., the annotations in the copies once owned by Thomas Allsop, Derwent Coleridge, Joseph Hughes, J. G. Lockhart, and Samuel Mence, designated by Miss Rooke as, respectively, Copies A, D, H, L, and M. Friend (CC), II 389-91.


For Coleridge's practice of annotating books see George Whalley, "Portrait of a Bibliophile", The Book Collector, 10 (1961), 275-90; for the importance of his marginalia see George Whalley, "The Harvest on the Ground: Coleridge's Marginalia", University of Toronto Quarterly, 33 (1969), 248-76.


CL, IV, 883, 884, 949. Also Friend (CC), I lxxxvi-lxxxvii.


Syntax requires "changes and" as in The Friend (1837), III, 208, and in Copies A, D, L, and M. Friend (CC), I, 517.


The majority of the corrections so far may be found variatim in other annotated copies and in The Friend (1837), III, 207-8. See Friend (CC), I, 517, notes 1 to 6.


Var. in The Friend (1837), III, 213, in copies D, L, and M. See Friend (CC), I, 521, note 3.


Friend (CC), I, 522, note 1; also Friend (1837), III, 213. The added paragraph was intended "to preclude all suspicion of any leaning towards Pantheism". See CL, IV, 894.


The History of Greenland: Containing a Description of the Country, and its Inhabitants trans. from the Dutch, (1767).


Livingston Lowes, The Road to Xanadu (1927).


Crantz, History of Greenland, I,47-48.


David Crantz, The History of Greenland: including an Account of the Mission carried on by the United Brethren (New Translation, 1820), II, 302.


Hans Egede, A Description of Greenland (English trans., 1745). Reference here is to a New Edition (1818), pp. 7-8, 55.


Subsequently many Latin editions from Amsterdam and elsewhere, including editions by Isaac Newton (Cambridge, 1672 and 1681) and James Jurin (Cambridge, 1721); English translations appeared from 1693 to 1765. References here are to the third edition of the English trans., A Compleat System of General Geography: Explaining the Nature and Properties of the Earth (1736).


Part I appeared in 1797; Part II and a second edition of Part I appeared as one publication in 1798. Together they constitute Essay VII in Rumford's Essays, political, economical, and philosophical, Volume II, published in London in 1798 and again in 1800. Volume and page references hereafter are to the 1800 edition. When the first volume of Rumford's Essays (Essays I to V) was published in 1796, Coleridge reviewed it enthusiastically in The Watchman, No. V, April 2, 1796. See The Watchman, ed. Lewis Patton (1970: Collected Works II), pp. 175-179. For Coleridge's interest in Rumford's experiments on the efficient design of chimneys, see CL, 206, 208.


Cf. Friend (1818), III 255-6; the quotation incorporates the ms corrections given earlier in this article. See also Friend (CC), I, 517-8.


Cf. Friend (1818), III, 256; the quotation incorporates the emendations given earlier and in Friend CC, I, 517-8.


Friend (1818), III, 257; Friend (CC), I, 518.


I have found no source, of any interest, for Coleridge's third illustration, that clay contracts under heat; his point is in any case quite clear.


Notebooks, ed. Kathleen Coburn, II, 1974.