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Graduate in a School.

Any student who successfully completes all the courses offered in any
academic School is entitled to a diploma of graduation in that School.

The Master's Degrees.

A candidate who has received a baccalaureate degree from this university,
or who has fulfilled the conditions above specified under Entrance
Requirements, is entitled to a master's degree upon his successful completion
of four graduate courses, chosen in accordance with the restrictions
detailed below:

No C course which a candidate has offered as part of the work credited
for baccalaureate degree (pp. 156-157) may be counted for a master's degree.

A candidate must take at least two graduate courses during the last
year of his work for a master's degree, and no candidate may receive this
degree until at least one year after he has received his baccalaureate degree,
except by special consent of the Academic Faculty.

The degree of Master of Arts is conferred upon a Bachelor of Arts who
has successfully completed four graduate courses, chosen with the approval
of the Academic Faculty. These four courses must be in at least three
distinct subjects, and in three different academic Schools, except by special
order of the Academic Faculty. Three of the subjects must be cognate,
which means that they must be selected from kindred groups of subjects,
such as, for example, languages and literature, or mathematics and natural
science, or history, economics, and government, or philosophy, education,
and biology.

The degree of Master of Science is conferred upon a holder of the cultural
degree of Bachelor of Science (p. 156), who has successfully completed
four graduate courses chosen in accordance with the regulations prescribed
for the Master of Arts above.

The degree of Master of Science in a Special Subject, the name of which
is inscribed on the diploma, is conferred upon a holder of the vocational
degree of Bachelor of Science in a Special Subject (p. 157), who has successfully
completed four graduate courses selected from among those
offered in his special subject, or from among other courses which meet with
the approval of the professor or professors in charge of his special subject.

Doctor of Philosophy.

A candidate for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy must hold the
degree of Bachelor of Arts or the cultural degree of Bachelor of Science


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of this university, or, if he be a graduate of some other institution, he must
have fulfilled the conditions above specified under Entrance Requirements.
The requirements for the degree are as follows:

(1) A reading knowledge of French and German, attested by the successful
completion of the B courses in these languages, or else by examinations
held at the beginning of the first year of the candidate's work for the
doctorate, by committees consisting of the professor in charge of the candidate's
major subject and the professors of French and German, respectively.
If the candidate fails on one or both of these examinations, he will be
required to enter the appropriate course in one or both of these languages.
No student will be regarded as a regular candidate for the doctorate until
he has fulfilled this requirement.

(2) The successful completion of at least three years of graduate
work in three subjects, to be known, respectively, as the candidate's major,
primary minor and secondary minor. These subjects must be cognate
(see p. 161), and must be chosen, with the approval of the Committee on
Rules and Courses, from at least three academic Schools. The major must
be pursued for at least three years, the primary minor for at least two years,
and the secondary minor for at least one year.

Any student taking a D course in any subject may be required by the
professor, with the approval of the Academic Faculty, to attend such lectures
or courses in any of the academic Schools as the professor may deem

Graduate work done in other universities may be accepted in lieu of
resident work, provided sufficient evidence is furnished by examination,
written or oral, or both, that such work has been of a grade similar to that
required here, and has been satisfactorily performed, and provided also that
the candidate takes in this university at least one graduate course in his
primary minor, and does at least one year's resident work in his major

A candidate who is a professor in a chartered college or university, of
the subject selected by him as major, may be allowed by the Academic
Faculty to spend only two years in resident work. In all cases the work of
the last year of candidacy shall be done in residence, unless the Academic
Faculty shall for special reasons direct otherwise.

(3) A dissertation exhibiting independent research in some branch of
the candidate's major subject. The dissertation must be submitted to the
Academic Faculty not later than April 15 of the year in which the candidate
applies for the degree. Moreover, the copy presented for the Faculty's
approval shall be written (typewritten, if feasible) on paper of prescribed
quality and size, shall be bound, and shall have certain prescribed phrases
on the cover and title page. If the dissertation is accepted by the Faculty as
satisfactory, the copy submitted shall immediately become the property of
the University. Before the degree is conferred the dissertation must be
printed at the candidate's expense, and one hundred copies deposited in the
library of the University; or, if this be impracticable on account of lack of
time, the candidate must deposit with the Bursar a sum of money sufficient
to have a hundred copies of the dissertation printed.