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The Jeffersonian cyclopedia;

a comprehensive collection of the views of Thomas Jefferson classified and arranged in alphabetical order under nine thousand titles relating to government, politics, law, education, political economy, finance, science, art, literature, religious freedom, morals, etc.;

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5906. NEW ORLEANS, Right of deposit.—[further continued].
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5906. NEW ORLEANS, Right of deposit.—[further continued].

To conclude the subject
of navigation, each of the following conditions
is to be considered by the Commissioners [to
Spain] as a sine quâ non. 1. That our right
be acknowledged of navigating the Mississippi
in its whole breadth and length, from its source
to the sea, as established by the treaty of 1763.
2. That neither the vessels, cargoes, or the persons
on board, be stopped, visited, or subjected
to the payment of any duty whatsoever; or, if
a visit must be permitted, that it be under such
restrictions as to produce the least possible inconvenience.
But it should be altogether avoided,
if possible, as the parent of perpetual broils.
3. That such conveniences be allowed us ashore,
as may render our right of navigation practicable
and under such regulations as may bonâ
respect the preservation of peace and
order alone, and may not have in object to embarrass
our navigation, or raise a revenue on
it. [360]
Mississippi River Instructions. Washington ed. vii, 585. Ford ed., v, 475.


“The right of navigation (of the Mississippi) was
conceded by the treaty of 1795, and with it a right to
the free use of the port of New Orleans upon reasonably
satisfactory terms for a period of three years,
and thereafterward until some equally convenient
harbor should be allotted. The credit of this ultimate
achievement was Mr. Jefferson's, none the less
because the treaty was not signed until he had retired
from office. It was really his statesmanship which
had secured it, not only in spite of the natural repugnance
of Spain, but also in spite of the obstacles indirectly
thrown in his way in the earlier stages by
many persons in the United States, who privately
gave the Spanish minister to understand that the
country cared little about the Mississippi, and would
not support the Secretary in his demands.”—
Morse's Life of Jefferson.