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At day-break, the three mast-heads were punctually manned


Page 612

“D'ye see him?” cried Ahab, after allowing a little space for
the light to spread.

“See nothing, sir.”

“Turn up all hands and make sail! he travels faster than I
thought for;—the top-gallant sails!—aye, they should have
been kept on her all night. But no matter—'tis but resting
for the rush.”

Here be it said, that this pertinacious pursuit of one particular
whale, continued through day into night, and through night
into day, is a thing by no means unprecedented in the South
sea fishery. For such is the wonderful skill, prescience of
experience, and invincible confidence acquired by some great
natural geniuses among the Nantucket commanders; that from
the simple observation of a whale when last descried, they will,
under certain given circumstances, pretty accurately foretell
both the direction in which he will continue to swim for a time,
while out of sight, as well as his probable rate of progression
during that period. And, in these cases, somewhat as a pilot,
when about losing sight of a coast, whose general trending he
well knows, and which he desires shortly to return to again,
but at some further point; like as this pilot stands by his compass,
and takes the precise bearing of the cape at present visible,
in order the more certainly to hit aright the remote, unseen
headland, eventually to be visited: so does the fisherman, at
his compass, with the whale; for after being chased, and diligently
marked, through several hours of daylight, then, when
night obscures the fish, the creature's future wake through the
darkness is almost as established to the sagacious mind of the
hunter, as the pilot's coast is to him. So that to this hunter's
wondrous skill, the proverbial evanescence of a thing writ in
water, a wake, is to all desired purposes well nigh as reliable as
the steadfast land. And as the mighty iron Leviathan of the
modern railway is so familiarly known in its every pace, that,
with watches in their hands, men time his rate as doctors


Page 613
that of a baby's pulse; and lightly say of it, the up train or the
down train will reach such or such a spot, at such or such an
hour; even so, almost, there are occasions when these Nantucketers
time that other Leviathan of the deep, according to
the observed humor of his speed; and say to themselves, so
many hours hence this whale will have gone two hundred miles,
will have about reached this or that degree of latitude or
longitude. But to render this acuteness at all successful in the
end, the wind and the sea must be the whaleman's allies; for
of what present avail to the becalmed or windbound mariner is
the skill that assures him he is exactly ninety-three leagues and
a quarter from his port? Inferable from these statements, are
many collateral subtile matters touching the chase of whales.

The ship tore on; leaving such a furrow in the sea as when
a cannon-ball, missent, becomes a plough-share and turns up the
level field.

“By salt and hemp!” cried Stubb, “but this swift motion of
the deck creeps up one's legs and tingles at the heart. This
ship and I are two brave fellows!—Ha! ha! Some one take
me up, and launch me, spine-wise, on the sea,—for by live-oaks!
my spine's a keel. Ha, ha! we go the gait that leaves no dust

“There she blows—she blows!—she blows!—right ahead!”
was now the mast-head cry.

“Aye, aye!” cried Stubb, “I knew it—ye can't escape—blow
on and split your spout, O whale! the mad fiend himself is
after ye! blow your trump—blister your lungs!—Ahab will
dam off your blood, as a miller shuts his water-gate upon the

And Stubb did but speak out for well nigh all that crew.
The frenzies of the chase had by this time worked them bubblingly
up, like old wine worked anew. Whatever pale fears
and forebodings some of them might have felt before; these
were not only now kept out of sight through the growing awe


Page 614
of Ahab, but they were broken up, and on all sides routed, as
timid prairie hares that scatter before the bounding bison. The
hand of Fate had snatched all their souls; and by the stirring
perils of the previous day; the rack of the past night's suspense;
the fixed, unfearing, blind, reckless way in which their wild craft
went plunging towards its flying mark; by all these things,
their hearts were bowled along. The wind that made great
bellies of their sails, and rushed the vessel on by arms invisible
as irresistible; this seemed the symbol of that unseen agency
which so enslaved them to the race.

They were one man, not thirty. For as the one ship that
held them all; though it was put together of all contrasting
things—oak, and maple, and pine wood; iron, and pitch, and
hemp—yet all these ran into each other in the one concrete
hull, which shot on its way, both balanced and directed by the
long central keel; even so, all the individualities of the crew,
this man's valor, that man's fear; guilt and guiltiness, all
varieties were welded into oneness, and were all directed to
that fatal goal which Ahab their one lord and keel did point

The rigging lived. The mast-heads, like the tops of tall
palms, were outspreadingly tufted with arms and legs. Clinging
to a spar with one hand, some reached forth the other with
impatient wavings; others, shading their eyes from the vivid
sunlight, sat far out on the rocking yards; all the spars in full
bearing of mortals, ready and ripe for their fate. Ah! how they
still strove through that infinite blueness to seek out the thing
that might destroy them!

“Why sing ye not out for him, if ye see him?” cried Ahab,
when, after the lapse of some minutes since the first cry, no
more had been heard. “Sway me up, men; ye have been
deceived; not Moby Dick casts one odd jet that way, and then

It was even so; in their headlong eagerness, the men had


Page 615
mistaken some other thing for the whale-spout, as the event
itself soon proved; for hardly had Ahab reached his perch;
hardly was the rope belayed to its pin on deck, when he struck
the key-note to an orchestra, that made the air vibrate as with
the combined discharges of rifles. The triumphant halloo of
thirty buckskin lungs was heard, as—much nearer to the ship
than the place of the imaginary jet, less than a mile ahead—
Moby Dick bodily burst into view! For not by any calm and
indolent spoutings; not by the peaceable gush of that mystic
fountain in his head, did the White Whale now reveal his vicinity;
but by the far more wondrous phenomenon of breaching.
Rising with his utmost velocity from the furthest depths, the
Sperm Whale thus booms his entire bulk into the pure element
of air, and piling up a mountain of dazzling foam, shows his
place to the distance of seven miles and more. In those
moments, the torn, enraged waves he shakes off, seem his
mane; in some cases, this breaching is his act of defiance.

“There she breaches! there she breaches!” was the cry, as
in his immeasurable bravadoes the White Whale tossed himself
salmon-like to Heaven. So suddenly seen in the blue plain of
the sea, and relieved against the still bluer margin of the sky,
the spray that he raised, for the moment, intolerably glittered
and glared like a glacier; and stood there gradually fading and
fading away from its first sparkling intensity, to the dim mistiness
of an advancing shower in a vale.

“Aye, breach your last to the sun, Moby Dick!” cried Ahab,
“thy hour and thy harpoon are at hand!—Down! down all
of ye, but one man at the fore. The boats!—stand by!”

Unmindful of the tedious rope-ladders of the shrouds, the
men, like shooting stars, slid to the deck, by the isolated backstays
and halyards; while Ahab, less dartingly, but still rapidly
was dropped from his perch.

“Lower away,” he cried, so soon as he had reached his boat
—a spare one, rigged the afternoon previous. “Mr. Starbuck,


Page 616
the ship is thine—keep away from the boats, but keep near
them. Lower, all!”

As if to strike a quick terror into them, by this time being
the first assailant himself, Moby Dick had turned, and was now
coming for the three crews. Ahab's boat was central; and
cheering his men, he told them he would take the whale head-and-head,—that
is, pull straight up to his forehead,—a not
uncommon thing; for when within a certain limit, such a course
excludes the coming onset from the whale's sidelong vision.
But ere that close limit was gained, and while yet all three
boats were plain as the ship's three masts to his eye; the White
Whale churning himself into furious speed, almost in an instant
as it were, rushing among the boats with open jaws, and a
lashing tail, offered appalling battle on every side; and heedless
of the irons darted at him from every boat, seemed only intent
on annihilating each separate plank of which those boats were
made. But skilfully manœuvred, incessantly wheeling like
trained chargers in the field; the boats for a while eluded him;
though, at times, but by a plank's breadth; while all the time,
Ahab's unearthly slogan tore every other cry but his to shreds.

But at last in his untraceable evolutions, the White Whale so
crossed and recrossed, and in a thousand ways entangled the
slack of the three lines now fast to him, that they foreshortened,
and, of themselves, warped the devoted boats towards the
planted irons in him; though now for a moment the whale
drew aside a little, as if to rally for a more tremendous charge.
Seizing that opportunity, Ahab first paid out more line: and
then was rapidly hauling and jerking in upon it again—hoping
that way to disencumber it of some snarls—when lo!—a sight
more savage than the embattled teeth of sharks!

Caught and twisted—corkscrewed in the mazes of the line,
loose harpoons and lances, with all their bristling barbs and
points, came flashing and dripping up to the chocks in the bows
of Ahab's boat. Only one thing could be done. Seizing the


Page 617
boat-knife, he critically reached within—through—and then,
without—the rays of steel; dragged in the line beyond, passed
it, inboard, to the bowsman, and then, twice sundering the rope
near the chocks—dropped the intercepted fagot of steel into
the sea; and was all fast again. That instant, the White
Whale made a sudden rush among the remaining tangles of the
other lines; by so doing, irresistibly dragged the more involved
boats of Stubb and Flask towards his flukes; dashed them
together like two rolling husks on a surf-beaten beach, and
then, diving down into the sea, disappeared in a boiling maelstrom,
in which, for a space, the odorous cedar chips of the
wrecks danced round and round, like the grated nutmeg in a
swiftly stirred bowl of punch.

While the two crews were yet circling in the waters, reaching
out after the revolving line-tubs, oars, and other floating furniture,
while aslope little Flask bobbed up and down like an empty
vial, twitching his legs upwards to escape the dreaded jaws of
sharks; and Stubb was lustily singing out for some one to ladle
him up; and while the old man's line—now parting—admitted
of his pulling into the creamy pool to rescue whom he could;—
in that wild simultaneousness of a thousand concreted perils,
—Ahab's yet unstricken boat seemed drawn up towards Heaven
by invisible wires,—as, arrow-like, shooting perpendicularly from
the sea, the White Whale dashed his broad forehead against
its bottom, and sent it, turning over and over, into the air; till
it fell again—gunwale downwards—and Ahab and his men
struggled out from under it, like seals from a sea-side cave.

The first uprising momentum of the whale—modifying its
direction as he struck the surface—involuntarily launched him
along it, to a little distance from the centre of the destruction
he had made; and with his back to it, he now lay for a moment
slowly feeling with his flukes from side to side; and whenever
a stray oar, bit of plank, the least chip or crumb of the boats
touched his skin, his tail swiftly drew back, and came sideways


Page 618
smiting the sea. But soon, as if satisfied that his work for that
time was done, he pushed his pleated forehead through the
ocean, and trailing after him the intertangled lines, continued
his leeward way at a traveller's methodic pace.

As before, the attentive ship having descried the whole fight,
again came bearing down to the rescue, and dropping a boat,
picked up the floating mariners, tubs, oars, and whatever else
could be caught at, and safely landed them on her decks. Some
sprained shoulders, wrists, and ankles; livid contusions; wrenched
harpoons and lances; inextricable intricacies of rope; shattered
oars and planks; all these were there; but no fatal or even
serious ill seemed to have befallen any one. As with Fedallah
the day before, so Ahab was now found grimly clinging to his
boat's broken half, which afforded a comparatively easy float;
nor did it so exhaust him as the previous day's mishap.

But when he was helped to the deck, all eyes were fastened
upon him; as instead of standing by himself he still half-hung
upon the shoulder of Starbuck, who had thus far been the foremost
to assist him. His ivory leg had been snapped off, leaving
but one short sharp splinter.

“Aye aye, Starbuck, 'tis sweet to lean sometimes, be the
leaner who he will; and would old Ahab had leaned oftener
than he has.”

“The ferrule has not stood, sir,” said the carpenter, now
coming up; “I put good work into that leg.”

“But no bones broken, sir, I hope,” said Stubb with true

“Aye! and all splintered to pieces, Stubb!—d'ye see it.—But
even with a broken bone, old Ahab is untouched; and I account
no living bone of mine one jot more me, than this dead one
that's lost. Nor white whale, nor man, nor fiend, can so much
as graze old Ahab in his own proper and inaccessible being
Can any lead touch yonder floor, any mast scrape yonder roof?—
Aloft there! which way?”


Page 619

“Dead to leeward, sir.”

“Up helm, then; pile on the sail again, ship keepers! down
the rest of the spare boats and rig them—Mr. Starbuck away,
and muster the boat's crews.”

“Let me first help thee towards the bulwarks, sir.”

“Oh, oh, oh! how this splinter gores me now! Accursed
fate! that the unconquerable captain in the soul should have
such a craven mate!”


“My body, man, not thee. Give me something for a cane—
there, that shivered lance will do. Muster the men. Surely I
have not seen him yet. By heaven it cannot be!—missing?—
quick! call them all.”

The old man's hinted thought was true. Upon mustering
the company, the Parsee was not there.

“The Parsee!” cried Stubb—“he must have been caught

“The black vomit wrench thee!—run all of ye above, alow,
cabin, forecastle—find him—not gone—not gone!”

But quickly they returned to him with the tidings that the
Parsee was nowhere to be found.

“Aye, sir,” said Stubb—“caught among the tangles of your
line—I thought I saw him dragging under.”

My line! my line? Gone?—gone? What means that
little word?—What death-knell rings in it, that old Ahab shakes
as if he were the belfry. The harpoon, too!—toss over the
litter there,—d'ye see it?—the forged iron, men, the white
whale's—no, no, no,—blistered fool! this hand did dart it!—'tis
in the fish!—Aloft there! Keep him nailed—Quick!—all
hands to the rigging of the boats—collect the oars—harpooneers!
the irons, the irons!—hoist the royals higher—a pull on all the
sheets!—helm there! steady, steady for your life! I'll ten
times girdle the unmeasured globe; yea and dive straight
through it, but I'll slay him yet!”


Page 620

“Great God! but for one single instant show thyself,” cried
Starbuck; “never, never wilt thou capture him, old man—In
Jesus' name no more of this, that's worse than devil's madness.
Two days chased; twice stove to splinters; thy very leg once
more snatched from under thee; thy evil shadow gone—all
good angels mobbing thee with warnings:—what more wouldst
thou have?—Shall we keep chasing this murderous fish till
he swamps the last man? Shall we be dragged by him to
the bottom of the sea? Shall we be towed by him to the
infernal world? Oh, oh,—Impiety and blasphemy to hunt
him more!”

“Starbuck, of late I've felt strangely moved to thee; ever
since that hour we both saw—thou know'st what, in one another's
eyes. But in this matter of the whale, be the front of thy
face to me as the palm of this hand—a lipless, unfeatured blank.
Ahab is for ever Ahab, man. This whole act's immutably decreed.
'Twas rehearsed by thee and me a billion years before
this ocean rolled. Fool! I am the Fates' lieutenant; I act under
orders. Look thou, underling! that thou obeyest mine.—Stand
round me, men. Ye see an old man cut down to the stump;
leaning on a shivered lance; propped up on a lonely foot. 'Tis
Ahab—his body's part; but Ahab's soul's a centipede, that
moves upon a hundred legs. I feel strained, half stranded, as
ropes that tow dismasted frigates in a gale; and I may look so.
But ere I break, ye'll hear me crack; and till ye hear that,
know that Ahab's hawser tows his purpose yet. Believe ye,
men, in the things called omens? Then laugh aloud, and cry
encore! For ere they drown, drowning things will twice rise
to the surface; then rise again, to sink for evermore. So with
Moby Dick—two days he's floated—to-morrow will be the third.
Aye, men, he'll rise once more,—but only to spout his last!
D'ye feel brave men, brave?”

“As fearless fire,” cried Stubb.

“And as mechanical,” muttered Ahab. Then as the men


Page 621
went forward, he muttered on:—“The things called omens!
And yesterday I talked the same to Starbuck there, concerning
my broken boat. Oh! how valiantly I seek to drive out of
others' hearts what's clinched so fast in mine!—The Parsee—
the Parsee!—gone, gone? and he was to go before:—but still
was to be seen again ere I could perish—How's that?—There's
a riddle now might baffle all the lawyers backed by the ghosts
of the whole line of judges:—like a hawk's beak it pecks my
brain. I'll, I'll solve it, though!”

When dusk descended, the whale was still in sight to leeward.

So once more the sail was shortened, and everything passed
nearly as on the previous night; only, the sound of hammers,
and the hum of the grindstone was heard till nearly daylight,
as the men toiled by lanterns in the complete and careful rigging
of the spare boats and sharpening their fresh weapons for
the morrow. Meantime, of the broken keel of Ahab's wrecked
craft the carpenter made him another leg; while still as on the
night before, slouched Ahab stood fixed within his scuttle; his
hid, heliotrope glance anticipatingly gone backward on its dial;
sat due eastward for the earliest sun.