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4156. JUDGES, Biased.—[continued].

We all know that permanent
judges acquire an esprit de corps; that being known, they are liable to be
tempted by bribery; that they are misled by
favor, by relationship, by a spirit of party,
by a devotion to the Executive or Legislative
power; that it is better to leave a cause
to the decision of cross and pile, than to that
of a judge biased to one side.—
To M. L'Abbé Arnond. Washington ed. iii, 81. Ford ed., v, 103.
(P. 1789)